Journal Article

D. H. Lawrence, Rananim and Gilbert Cannan’s Windmills

Andrew Harrison

in The Review of English Studies

Volume 69, issue 292, pages 953-966
Published in print November 2018 | ISSN: 0034-6551
Published online August 2018 | e-ISSN: 1471-6968 | DOI:

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  • Literary Studies (Postcolonial Literature)
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Biographers and critics of D. H. Lawrence have long recognized the significance of his various schemes to establish small utopian communities in locations such as Florida, the Andes, Palestine, Connecticut, and New Mexico. Recent accounts have, however, sought to distinguish the so-called ‘Rananim’ fantasy which Lawrence created with his wife and a select group of friends over Christmas and New Year 1914–1915 from his later schemes for communitarian living. This essay offers a detailed and revisionary reassessment of the contexts of the Rananim fantasy, drawing on little-known evidence and a previously overlooked textual source to suggest that the largely forgotten playwright, author and critic Gilbert Cannan shared Lawrence’s anti-war views in this period and actively participated in the formulation of Rananim and the associated plan to inhabit an island in the South Seas.

Journal Article.  7795 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (Postcolonial Literature) ; Literary Studies (American) ; Literary Studies (British and Irish)