Reinventing Mount Lebanon

in The Culture of Sectarianism

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2000 | ISBN: 9780520218451
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520922792 | DOI:
Reinventing Mount Lebanon

Show Summary Details


This chapter investigates how Mount Lebanon was reinvented in sectarian terms by rival elites after the Europeans and Ottomans decided to partition it along religious lines in 1842. It explores how the elites began to politically reconstitute themselves in allegedly traditional sectarian terms while the very basis of tradition—absolute Ottoman sovereignty, which existed “for all time”—was being undermined at every turn. The chapter contends that an informal subjecthood to European powers developed alongside formal subjecthood to a changing Ottoman state. It explains that although the Sultan remained sovereign over Mount Lebanon, the presence of Jesuit and American Protestant missionaries, and of agents such as Richard Wood, tacitly widened the domain of obedience to include France and Great Britain.

Keywords: Mount Lebanon; Europeans; Ottomans; elites; Ottoman sovereignty; Sultan; American Protestant missionaries; Richard Wood; France; Great Britain

Chapter.  11705 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.