See also lived experience.
1. Daily activities in the social world, and the field of enquiry for which this forms a focus.
2. The realm of social life, the traditional focus of anthropology and ethnography, applied to everyday actions and social relations in our own familiar cultures as well as others.
3. (lifeworld) The mundane world with which we are familiar and which we ordinarily take for granted as our paramount reality: the key focus for phenomenological sociology, as for Schutz, Peter Berger, and Luckmann: see also natural attitude.
4. (ethnomethodology) The world of mundane routines in which individuals interact and unconsciously participate in the construction and maintenance of intersubjective reality: see intersubjectivity.
5. In symbolic interactionism, the world of face-to-face interaction, the workings of which form the focus of this approach: see also dramaturgy.
6. For the French sociologist Henri Lefebvre (1901–91) and for de Certeau, the focus for the creative ‘tactics’ or ‘ways of operating’ in the generic daily activities of ‘very ordinary culture’ such as talking, working, eating, and drinking.
7. The focus for critical theories which seek to explain how social practices are constrained by and/or resist powerful social structures and institutions: see ideology.