John Jackson was born at Sessay, near Thirsk, in the North Riding of Yorkshire on 4 April 1686, and died in Leicester on 12 May 1763. He was educated at Doncaster Grammar School and Jesus College, Cambridge (BA, 1707). He was ordained deacon in 1708 and priest in 1710, succeeding his father as vicar of Rossington, West Riding. His primary concern in his writing was to defend the role of reason in religion. His tracts are representative of some of the major controversies in the first half of the eighteenth century, especially those on human action, the attributes of God, and the debate over thinking matter influenced by Locke. Jackson wrote on human liberty against Anthony Collins; and on the existence and unity of God against William Law; he published a number of defences of Samuel Clarke. His two most important books are A Defense of Human Liberty (1725) and an attack on Andrew Baxter: A Dissertation on Matter and Spirit. With Some Remarks on a Book, Entitled, An Enquiry into the Nature of the Human Soul (1736).
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.