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Established in 1821 as an Egyptian army camp at the junction of the Blue Nile and the White Nile, and later a garrison town. In 1885 a British and Egyptian force under the command of General Gordon was besieged in Khartoum for ten months by the Mahdists, who eventually stormed the garrison, killing most of the defenders, including Gordon.

Subjects: African Studies — British History.

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