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On Cape Breton Island was the keystone of 18th‐cent. French strategy in the North Atlantic. Massive fortifications were commenced in 1719–20, and completed shortly before a British and American colonial force captured it in 1745. Restored to France in 1748, it was again captured after heavy bombardment in 1758, and razed by the British in 1760.

Subjects: History of the Americas.

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