Juan Bautista Mayno


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(b Pastrana, Jan. 1578; d Madrid, 1 Apr. 1641).

Spanish painter. According to Palomino he was a pupil of El Greco in Toledo, but there is no suggestion of this in Mayno's clear and firm style, which was formed in Italy (his stay is not precisely documented, but he seems to have spent most of the first decade of the 17th century there). Paintings such as the Adoration of the Shepherds (1611, Prado, Madrid) show echoes of Caravaggio (no other Spanish artist was so directly influenced by him) and of Guido Reni, who is said to have been a friend of Mayno. In 1613 he took holy orders and subsequently did little painting, but after moving from Toledo to Madrid in about 1620 he was drawing master to the future Philip IV (see Habsburg). The most important painting of his later career is the Recovery of Bahía (1634–5, Prado), part of a series of battle pictures for the Buen Retiro Palace that also included the Surrender of Breda by his friend Velázquez.

Subjects: Art.

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