Starčevo Culture

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Early Neolithic culture of the Balkans, dating from the period 5500 to 4600 bc, named after a type‐site on the Danube near Belgrade. Part of a widespread group of broadly contemporary groups including Karanovo I, Körös, and Criş. The presence of sickles and saddle querns is evidence of cereal cultivation, and there is also evidence for the domestication of sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle, though the economy was still supplemented by hunting and fishing. Pottery comprised principally coarse wares, commonly globular vessels with rusticated ornament, and other material remains include characteristic bone spatulae and clay figurines. Starčevo Culture settlements are generally situated on the upper terraces of river valleys or on the edges of plateaux. The settlements rarely form mounds and almost never form tells, perhaps indicating a degree of adaptation to the more temperate environment. Cattle bones also exceed those of sheep/goat in the northern regions, again suggesting local adaptations to environmental conditions. The culture was succeeded locally by the Vinča Culture.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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