NT scholar. From 1905 to 1933 he was a Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford (Provost from 1933 to 1937) and from 1915 to 1934 also a canon of Hereford. His researches into the Synoptic problem helped to establish among English Churchmen belief in the priority of Mk. and the existence of ‘Q’. In The Four Gospels (1924) he set out his conclusions on the Gospels as a whole and expounded his theses on the pre-history of Lk. and on the ‘Caesarean text’.