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The indigenous inhabitants of a colonized country. They often have high incidence and prevalence rates of multiple social and health problems and reduced life expectancy when their habitat, culture, and way of life are disrupted and drastically changed by colonial and postcolonial occupation. Common health problems of these populations include self-destructive conduct such as substance abuse, alcoholism, adolescent suicide, and metabolic disorders related to the transition from a traditional hunter-gatherer diet to high carbohydrate, fat, and salt intake, leading to adiposity, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, gout, etc.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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