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carte-de-visite

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Africa

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

Introduction

It is almost impossible to talk about a unified history of photography in Africa, as there have been so many cultural responses to the medium, and so many national ...

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album

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

A bound and mounted collection of drawings, prints, or photographs. The word is sometimes included in the nomenclature for an otherwise unidentified artist who is associated with a...

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ambrotype

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

An early photographic process, which involved bleaching a glass negative and laying it on a black background, the ambrotype was a cheaper and easier alternative to the daguerrotype. It...

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André Adolphe Eugène Disdéri

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

(1819–89), French photographer.

He led a varied life in commerce, acting, and politics before patenting his trademark carte de visite‐style photographs in 1854. Although he studied...

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Austria

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

The country's principal contributions to the history of photography were made in the 19th and early 20th centuries, after which, for a long time, it became something of a backwater. ...

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cabinet print

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

Format introduced in 1866 as the craze for the carte de visite was slackening; although it was not until the 1890s that cabinet prints outnumbered cartes. The size of the ...

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camera

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

1. Any equipment used to photographically record images. The name for a number of devices that use lenses and apertures to photograph either a single still image or a series of...

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Camille Silvy

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

(1835–1910). Silvy emerged as a major photographer of the Second Empire in France before repeating his success and enhancing his fame in high Victorian London. He excelled as an individual...

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celebrity photography

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

The idea of using photography to disseminate images of famous men and women is as old as the medium itself. From the rise of the daguerreotype in the 1840s, astute ...

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dating old photographs

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

Recognition of process or format gives the first indication of a photograph's date. Sometimes the possible time‐span is very broad: cartes de visite, for example, were produced for over 40...

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economic and social aspects of photographic innovation

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

Photography arrived at an economically inauspicious moment: in the autumn of 1839, the USA, Britain, and Europe suffered a sharp recession that lasted until 1843. In Britain and France,...

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Elizabeth Eastlake

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

English writer, who encountered photography in the early 1840s, when she was photographed by Hill and Adamson. She published various books and essays on the arts before writing the...

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England and Wales

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

To 1920

The years 1839 to 1920 have often been called the formative years of photography. Bound by no single unifying vision but rather a multitude of uses, photographic commerce...

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execution photographs

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

Have served various purposes. Photographers and picture editors have speculated on ghoulish curiosity. Governments and occupying authorities have invoked the camera's ‘unimpeachable...

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family history

Overview page. Subjects: History.

From earliest times, tracing ancestors and establishing proof of relationship had practical importance for the wealthy and privileged and, in particular, for the sovereign. Records of the...

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Francis Bedford

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

(1816–94), British landscape photographer. Trained as a lithographer, Bedford became involved with photography at his father's architectural practice in the early 1850s. Probably as a...

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fraud and forgery, photographic

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

Photographic fraud denotes the criminal use or production of ‘counterfeit’ photographs for unjust gain or advantage; photographic forgery the creation of photographs that are intended to...

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George Washington Wilson

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

(1823–93), Scottish photographer, originally trained as a miniature painter. By the mid-19th century tourism was flourishing, and Wilson's business, established in Aberdeen in 1852, met a...

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Germany

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

The older literature tended to depict Germany—i.e. the territories eventually forming the German Empire in 1871—  as one of the cradles of early photography. Probably early in 1839, in fact...

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Giorgio Sommer

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

(1832–1914), German photographer, active in Italy. Born in Frankfurt, Sommer turned to photography after initial commercial training, and in 1856–7 co-owned a studio in Rome specializing in...

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