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diphthong

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assonance

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The correspondence or rhyming of one word with another in the accented and following vowels, but not in the consonants, as e.g. in Old French versification.

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digraph

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics.

A two-letter combination representing a single speech sound, such as sh in sheet or ph in digraph. Compare digram, diphthong.

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glide

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

The transitional sound that is made as the vocal organs move from a position for articulating one speech sound to a position for articulating another, as in any diphthong, triphthong, or...

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Great Vowel Shift

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A change in the pronunciation of English that took place at the end of the Middle Ages: most long vowels, such as the vowel in see (which before the shift rhymed with the modern French thé)...

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hiatus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

[hy-ay-tus]

1 A break in pronunciation between two adjacent vowels, either within a word (forming two distinct syllables, as in doing, rather than a diphthong as in jo...

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ligature

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography.

Deriving from a form of the Latin ligare (‘to bind’), the term ‘ligature’ in palaeography means a stroke connecting two letters: for instance, the raised curve or loop which may ...

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monophthong

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A single vowel sound with no detectable change within it, such as the vowel sounds in seat, set, sat, coot, caught, cot, and cut. Compare diphthong, triphthong. [From Greek monos one + phth...

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open vowel

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A vowel (see the diagram accompanying that entry) produced at a low position in the mouth with the tongue low in the mouth and the jaw lowered, such as the vowels in father and lot, or the...

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synaeresis

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

[sin‐eer‐ĭsis]

A form of contraction or elision in which two adjacent vowel sounds are run together into a single diphthong or vowel: thus ‘the effect’ becomes th'effect, and...

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triphthong

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A complex vowel sound comprising a glide from one vowel sound to a second and then a third within a single syllable, with movement of the tongue between the three sounds. In Received...

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