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battle of Dunbar

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Alexander Leslie

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(c. 1580–1661).

Leslie was a good professional soldier, who served for many years in the Swedish army and fought alongside Gustav Adolf at Lützen in 1632. When the Scottish...

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Atholl, John of Strathbogie, earl of

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(d. 1306).

Scottish earl who played a leading if inconsistent role in the Wars of Independence. He was captured at Dunbar (1296) and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Reconciled...

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battle of Stirling Bridge

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

1297.

Edward I's victory at Dunbar in 1296 did not keep Scotland subdued for long. On 11 September 1297 a large English army, under John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, and Hugh de...

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battle of Worcester

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

1651.

In July 1650 Charles II landed in Scotland and was crowned at Scone on 1 January 1651. But finding his army outflanked by Cromwell, he moved south in August, making for the...

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David Leslie

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(c. 1600–82).

Like his namesake Alexander Leslie, David Leslie also fought alongside Gustav Adolf of Sweden. He returned to Scotland in 1640 to help the covenanters and commanded...

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Henry Percy

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1273–1314). Percy's father Sir Henry, who died seven months before his son was born, fought for Henry III at Lewes and married the daughter of John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, by the...

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John Balliol

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(c.1250–1313),

king of Scots (1292–6). The son of John Balliol of Barnard Castle, he was descended through his mother from David, earl of Huntingdon, the brother of William the...

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John Campbell

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — British History.

A Scottish nobleman who was the Commander in Chief of the British armed forces in America in the early stages of the French and Indian War (1754–63) (a post he ...

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John de Warenne, 7th earl of Surrey

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(c. 1231–1304).

Warenne was a staunch supporter of Edward I. He inherited the earldom in 1240 when a boy of 9 or so. He was a little older than Edward ...

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John Lambert

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1619–83)

English major‐general. He rose to prominence as a Roundhead officer during the English Civil War. He accompanied Cromwell as second‐in‐command on the invasion of Scotland...

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Oliver Cromwell

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(1599–1658).

General and lord protector. It is still difficult to appreciate the unique character of Cromwell's career. In a country governed by custom, precedent, and the common...

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resolutions

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

1650.

Efforts to rally Scottish resistance after Cromwell's crushing victory at Dunbar in September 1650 were handicapped by the kirk's insistence that only godly men were fit to...

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Robert Bruce

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

(d. 1304).

Eldest son of Robert Bruce (d. 1295) and father of Robert I. His marriage to Marjorie, widow of Adam of Kilconquhar, brought him the earldom of Carrick—a promotion which...

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9th earl of Argyll, Archibald Campbell

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

[S] (1629–85).

Campbell's father, the 1st marquis, had played an equivocal part in the civil wars and in 1661 was executed for treason. Campbell, who had fought on the royal ...

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treaty of ‘perpetual peace’

Overview page. Subjects: British History.

1502.

James IV of Scotland gave considerable assistance to Perkin Warbeck, the Yorkist pretender against Henry VII in the 1490s. But in a change of policy after Warbeck's death he...

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