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closure

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

1. A satisfying sense of completion or completeness.

2. A defining feature of a narrative that resolves all of the issues in a ‘proper ending’. See narrat...

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form

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

1. The shape, outline, or overall structure of an object or figure.

2. (as in ‘form and content’) The structure, and sometimes also the style, of an...

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gestalt psychology

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

A school of psychology concerned largely with emergent Gestalt phenomena in perception. Its forerunners were the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832), the Austrian physicist,...

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Gestaltqualität

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A term coined by the German philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels (1859–1932) and later introduced into Gestalt psychology to denote a perceptual attribute or quality that emerges from the...

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Ideoplastic

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A term originated by Max Verworn in Zur Psychologie der primitiven Kunst (1917) to mean a form of representation which derives from what the draughtsman thinks and knows about the ...

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jizz

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

The term birdwatchers use to describe the gestalt experience of instantly recognizing a bird.

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learning theory

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Education.

Sometimes referred to as ‘the psychology of learning’, the body of theory about how and why learning takes place draws heavily on the work of schools of psychology as diverse as the...

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levelling

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies — Psychology.

1 The tendency to perceive or to remember material in a form closer to a good Gestalt than is objectively the case, unimportant and incongruous details gradually disappearing...

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melodic constancy

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A form of perceptual constancy according to which a melody or tune tends to remain recognizably the same when it is played in another key with entirely different notes (see Gestaltqualität)...

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membership character

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

Any attribute by which a member (in the Gestalt sense) is recognized as belonging to a whole; specifically, any attribute of an element that results directly from its belonging to a Gestalt.

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observation

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

The record of the measurement or assessment of a particular meteorological variable obtained at a specific time. A weather report consists of the complete set of observations for a...

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perceptual codes

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

In semiotic discourse, a fundamental interpretive framework within which human beings construct sensory experience. Some semioticians regard sensory perception as a code (see alsonull...

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prägnanz

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A principle or law of perception of Gestalt psychology according to which perception of ambiguous stimuli tends to be as ‘good’ (meaning simple, regular, and symmetric) as the sensory input...

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precision law

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

The most general law of perceptual organization in Gestalt psychology, according to which a Gestalt tends to become as sharply defined, stable, strong, regular, symmetrical, simple,...

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proximity

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies — Earth Sciences and Geography.

Nearness in space, time, or relationship. Oerlemans et al. (2001) Tijdschrift 92, 1 explain the proximity effect as benefiting from localized ties. Boschma (2005) Reg. Studs 39 claims that...

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proximity grouping law

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One of the four original grouping laws of Gestalt psychology formulated in 1923 by the German psychologist Max Wertheimer (1880–1943) to explain the organization of parts into wholes by the...

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similarity grouping law

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One of the four original grouping laws of Gestalt psychology, formulated in 1923 by the German psychologist Max Wertheimer (1880–1943) to explain the organization of parts into wholes by...

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smallness

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

One of the gestalt laws of perceptual organization, being the principle that, in visual patterns, smaller areas tend to be seen as figures against a larger background. See also figure and...

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surroundedness

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

One of the gestalt laws of perceptual organization, being the principle that, in visual patterns, areas that can be seen as surrounded by others tend to be seen as figures (see also figure...

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symmetry

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Media Studies.

One of the gestalt laws of perceptual organization, whereby in visual patterns, symmetrical areas tend to be seen as figures against asymmetrical backgrounds. See also figure and ground.

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