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Sir John Hawkwood

(d. 1394) military commander

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Alba Societas

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Also known as La Compagna Bianca, the Alba Comitiva, and the White Company, the Alba Societas was a mercenary company operating in Italy in the 1360s recruited from English, German ...

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Barnabo Viscounte

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval).

(d. 1385),

‘god of delit and scourge of Lumbardye’, is the subject of a one-stanza tragedy told by the Monk (VII.2399–406). He was ousted from power in May 1385 by ...

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Battle of Alessandria

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The town of Alessandria is situated on the Tanaro River in Piedmont, 89 kilometers (55 miles) south of Turin. It was a stronghold of the Lombard League against the Holy ...

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Battle of Canturino

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The battle of Canturino was fought on 22 April 1363 between a predominantly German mercenary army in the employ of Milan and a largely English mercenary force in the service ...

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Battle of Castagnaro

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

In the wake of their victory at Brentelle in June 1386, the Paduans sought to keep the upper hand in their war against Verona by hiring the celebrated English captain ...

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condottieri

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(Italian condotta, ‘contract’) The leader of a medieval mercenary band of soldiers. Mercenaries flourished in the climate of economic prosperity and inter-municipal warfare of 14th- and...

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letters

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Every period of the Middle Ages practised the epistolary genre on a large scale, its popularity being explained by the flexibility of its forms and the fluidity of the genre. ...

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mercenaries

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

N.a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.

late Middle English (as a noun): from Latin mercenaruis ‘hireling,’ from merces, merced- ‘reward.’

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Miklós Toldi

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(fl. 1320–1390),

otherwise known as Nicholas Toldi or Nicolaus de Told, commander of Alba Societas. Miklós Toldi is significantly represented in Hungarian literature as a romantic...

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Paolo Uccello

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Florence, c.1397; d Florence, 10 Dec. 1475).

Florentine painter, one of the most distinctive artists of the early Renaissance. Vasari says he was called Uccello (which means...

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War of the Eight Saints

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A war between Florence (in alliance with Bernabò Visconti) and the papacy waged between August 1375 and July 1378. The ‘saints’ were the eight Florentine officials who raised money by ...

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Ytaille

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval).

In the 14th c. Italy was both an abstract notion and a reality. On the one hand, the country had long been divided, politically into many regional and city-states (such ...

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