Overview

Francis Hayman

(1708—1776) painter, engraver, and book illustrator

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conversation piece

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A portrait showing two or more full-length figures engaged in conversation or other polite social activity, generally in a domestic or landscape setting. Conversation pieces are usually,...

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Gravelot

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Paris, 26 Mar. 1699; d Paris, 20 Apr. 1773).

French draughtsman, engraver, and painter, active for several years (1732–45) in London, where he became the leading book...

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James Quin

Overview page. Subjects: Shakespeare Studies and Criticism.

(1693–1766),

an actor who took leading parts in tragedy. He was the last of the old school of actors, which gave place to that of Garrick.

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Joseph Highmore

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b London, 13 June 1692; d Canterbury, 3 Mar. 1780).

English painter (mainly of portraits) and writer. He studied at Kneller's Academy and had a considerable practice as a...

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Lemuel Francis Abbott

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Leicestershire, c.1760; d London, c.5 Dec. 1802).

English portrait painter. He was briefly a pupil of Hayman but seems to have been mainly self-taught. All his pictures are of...

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Nathaniel Dance

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b London, 18 May 1735; d Winchester, 15 Oct. 1811).

English painter, primarily of portraits (although in his early career he had ambitions as a history painter). He studied under...

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Richard Wilson

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Penegoes, nr. Machynlleth, Montgomeryshire [now Powys], ?(1 Aug.) 1713 [or perhaps 1712 or 1714]; d Colomendy Hall, nr. Llanberis, Denbighshire [now Clwyd], 11/12 May 1782).

Bri...

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Sir Thomas Hanmer

Overview page. Subjects: Shakespeare Studies and Criticism.

(1677–1746)

A country gentleman, Speaker of the House of Commons in 1714, and the fourth editor of Shakespeare. His six-volume edition (1743–4) is of little textual importance, but...

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Society of Artists

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

An association of artists founded in London in 1760 and incorporated by Royal Charter in 1765 (after which it was known as the Incorporated Society of Artists). It held annual exhibitions...

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St Martin's Lane Academy

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

The name of two successive organizations in St Martin's Lane, London, that were important training places for English artists in the half-century before the Royal Academy was established in...

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Thomas Gainsborough

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(bapt. Sudbury, Suffolk, 14 May 1727; d London, 2 Aug. 1788).

English painter (of portraits, landscapes, and fancy pictures), draughtsman, and occasional printmaker, one of the...

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William Hogarth

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b London, 10 Nov. 1697; d London, 25/26 Oct. 1764).

English painter and engraver, the outstanding British artist of his period. During his childhood, his father, a schoolteacher,...

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