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Johnson Space Center

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Advanced Life-Support Program

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A NASA research programme to develop systems of long-term life support for humans in space, considered essential to the exploration of the Moon and Mars. Located at the Johnson Space...

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astronaut

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Religion.

ˈæstrǝˌnôt

n. a person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft.

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Bioregenerative Planetary Life-Support Systems Test Complex

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(BIO-Plex)

A project conducted for NASA's Advanced Life-Support Program. It involves a complex of five enclosed chambers that provide all the air and water and the majority of food...

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David Alexander Wolf

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1956– )

US astronaut and physician. He flew on the space shuttle Columbia mission in October 1993 to conduct experiments on the effect of microgravity on humans. He spent 119 days...

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flight simulator

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A computer-controlled device to train pilots and astronauts by simulating the experience of flying. A space shuttle crew will undergo hundreds of ‘launches’ in NASA's flight simulator at...

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John Young

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(b. 1930),

American astronaut. John W. Young, the first man to fly in space six times, was the only astronaut to fly the Gemini, Apollo, and space shuttle spacecraft. Young ...

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Marc Garneau

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1949– )

Canadian astronaut and executive vice-president of the Canadian Space Agency from 2001. His space shuttle flights include the Endeavour mission of November 2000 to...

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mission control centre

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(MCC)

The area from which a spacecraft mission is controlled. At NASA, the MCC for crewed space flights is at the Johnson Space Center, and the MCC for space probes is at the Jet...

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NASA

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The National Aeronautic and Space Administration, the agency of the US federal government that was established under the National Aeronautics and Space Act 1958 to plan, direct, and conduct...

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quarantine

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

(kwo-răn-teen)

the period for which a person (or animal) is kept in isolation to prevent the spread of a contagious disease. Different diseases have different quarantine periods.

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Richard Alan Mastracchio

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1960– )

US astronaut. He was a mission specialist on the Atlantis space shuttle flight in September 2000 to prepare the International Space Station for the arrival of the first...

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shuttle mission simulator

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(SMS)

NASA's primary system for training space shuttle crews. The US$100 million simulator system, located in Building 5 at the Johnson Space Center, was completed in 1977. It has...

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Space Task Group

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(STG)

A task force assembled by NASA in its first week of existence. It was set up to develop the Mercury spacecraft project. The task group at Langley Research Center in Hampton,...

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