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law of effect

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connectionism

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Arts and Humanities.

Any model of information processing based on the conceptual framework of connectionism (1). Also called a connectionist network.

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Conwy Lloyd Morgan

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Philosophy.

(1852–1936)

Conwy Lloyd Morgan was born in London on 6 February 1852 and died in Hastings on 6 March 1936. He was educated at the Royal Grammar School, Guildford, the ...

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law of exercise

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A law which states that, in learning, the more frequently a stimulus and response are associated with each other, the more likely the particular response will follow the stimulus. The law...

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learning theory

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Education.

Sometimes referred to as ‘the psychology of learning’, the body of theory about how and why learning takes place draws heavily on the work of schools of psychology as diverse as the...

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punishment

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Arts and Humanities.

N.

A penalty imposed on a defendant duly convicted of a crime by an authorized court. The punishment is declared in the sentence of the court. The two basic principles governing...

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reinforcement

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Biological Sciences.

(in animal behaviour)

Increasing (or decreasing) the frequency of a particular behaviour through conditioning, by arranging for some biologically important event (the reinforcer)...

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Thorndikes stimulus–response theory of learning

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A theory that proposes that all learning consists primarily of the strengthening of the relationship between the stimulus and the response. In developing this theory, Thorndike proposed...

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win-stay, lose-change strategy

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A simple strategy, applicable to any sequential decision task or game (1), according to which the first decision or move is chosen arbitrarily, and thereafter, whenever a choice leads to...

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