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National Socialist art

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Adolf von Hildebrand

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(b Marburg, 6 Oct. 1847; d Munich, 18 Jan. 1921).

German sculptor and writer on art. He spent much of his career in Italy and is regarded as one of the main upholders in his period...

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Arno Breker

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

German sculptor, printmaker, and architect, born in Elberfeld, the son of a stonemason. He trained locally, then at the Academy in Düsseldorf, 1920–25. From 1927 to 1933 he lived in Paris,...

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degenerate art

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A term coined in Germany in the 1930s to discredit all contemporary art that did not correspond to the ideology of the Nazi party. Such art, which included most avant-garde work, was...

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Georg Kolbe

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

German sculptor, born at Waldheim, Saxony. He trained as a painter in Dresden, Munich, and Paris (at the Académie Julian, 1898), then took up sculpture during a stay in Rome, 1898–1901....

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Light art

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A general term for works of art in which artificial light (usually electric) plays an important role. Although artists had experimented with artificial light since the 18th century, it was...

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Max Beckmann

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1884–1950)

German painter and graphic artist.

Born in Leipzig, Beckmann studied at the Weimar Academy (1900–03) and then worked in Berlin. His early paintings were...

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Neue Sachlichkeit

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

Movement in German painting in the 1920s and early 1930s reflecting the resignation and cynicism of the post-war period. The name was coined in 1923 by Gustav Hartlaub, director of the...

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Totalitarian art

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A term which has been applied to art produced in the 20th century in authoritarian states that refuse to tolerate any form of expression that does not conform to official ideology. It is...

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