## ant colony optimization

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Probability and Statistics.

An optimization procedure that seeks to mimic an ant's apparent ability to find the shortest distance between two points. The ant's choices are based on the quantities of pheromones left by...

## bin packing problem

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics.

An optimization problem. There is a supply of bins, all of the same size. These bins are to be filled with collections of different numbers of items (each of the same size). Each collection...

## bounded rationality

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The argument that there is a finite limit to the amount of information the human brain can hold and process. Teamwork and computers can vastly increase the amount of information that can be...

## duality

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics.

A property of an optimization problem. Duality relates any linear maximization problem to an equivalent minimization problem. For example, with non-negative *x*-variables and *y*-variables, the...

## dynamic programming

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

The problem of optimizing a sequence of decisions in which each decision must be made after the outcome of the previous decision becomes known.

## hill climbing

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

An optimization technique used in data mining to select an optimal solution from a large space of possible solutions. The term is derived from the fact that the solution space can be viewed...

## iterative methods

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Numerical methods that are based on or utilize the idea of iteration. Such methods are widely used in the solution of many different types of problem, ranging from linear and nonlinear...

## linear programming

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Social Sciences.

A mathematical procedure for finding the maximum or minimum value of a linear objective function subject to linear constraints.

Linear Programming

## mathematical programming

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A wide field of study that deals with the theory, applications, and computational methods for optimization problems. An abstract formulation of such problems is to maximize a function *f* (kn...

## minimization

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

## partial evaluation

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

An optimization technique. Parts of a program that have just enough data are evaluated, other parts are kept unchanged. For logic programming languages, unification and resolution...

## sequential quadratic programming

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A widely used and successful approach to solving constrained optimization problems, that is minimize *F*(*x*), *x* = (*x*
_{1},*x*
_{2},…,*x*
_{n})^{T}, where *F*(*x*) is a given...

## statistical process control

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management.

(SPC)

is a set of measurement techniques designed to monitor a production process in order to assess variability of machine performance and allow for predictions of when corrective...