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polemarchos

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archon

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

The chief magistrate, or, after the time of Solon, each of the nine chief magistrates, of ancient Athens. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes from Greek arkhōn ‘ruler’.

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Aristogiton

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Athenian tyrannicide. He and Harmodius, both of the family of Gephyraei, provoked, acc. to Thucydides 2, by amorous rivalry, plotted along with others to kill Hippias 1 at the Panathenaic...

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Callimachus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Athenian polemarchos and (though this is controversial) commander‐in‐chief in the campaign of Marathon, 490. He accepted Miltiades' plan to meet the Persians in the field. His part in the...

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law in Greece

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Classical Athenian law (see law and procedure, athenian) is well documented from the Attic Orators (c.420–320 bc): over 100 lawcourt speeches survive, though we rarely hear the result or...

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Miltiades

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Athenian aristocrat and general, a member of the rich and powerful family of the Philaĭds. Archon (see archontes) in 524/3 bc, he was sent to recover control of Cherso‐nese by Hippias 1 in...

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stratēgoi

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Was the ordinary term for military commanders in Greece, but in Athens in the 5th cent. bc strategoi had political as well as military importance. Little is known of the number and method...

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