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Pugwash conferences

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Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

A publication of the nonprofit Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science whose mission is to educate the public about issues relating to war and peace. It is best known for its doomsday...

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International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The struggle against nuclear weapons began even before they existed.

1945–1954

During World War II, many scientists working on the Manhattan Project (the U.S. effort to...

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Joseph Rotblat

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Sir Joseph (Józef) Rotblat (1908–2005) was born in Warsaw to a well-to-do Jewish family. His father’s business, however, was destroyed during World War I. As a child Rotblat experienced...

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Medical Peace Movements

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Physicians and surgeons have long been aware of the ill effects of war and weapons. Some urged that medicine should support war efforts and those fighting in them. Hippocrates, for ...

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Movements to Abolish War

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The abolition of war, if it is ever achieved, will probably follow the pattern of the abolition of slavery or of dueling. Those practices seemed immemorial, natural, and honorable, and ...

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Peace Research

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

[This entry contains six subentries: History; Beginnings; 1990 to Present; Focus of Peace Research on State; Journals; and Institutions.]

The history of peace research has been...

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Professional Movements against Nuclear Weapons

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Throughout the nuclear age, various antinuclear professional movements have emerged. These professional groups, which typically started first in Western countries and then spread worldwide,...

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Russell-Einstein Manifesto

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Russell-Einstein Manifesto (9 July 195) was a powerful statement against nuclear weapons and war in the nuclear age. It was ultimately signed by eleven eminent scientists from both the...

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Transnational East-West Peace Efforts

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

At the beginning of the Cold War, individuals and organizations at grassroots and other nonstate levels from both the East and the West initiated dialogue in the hope of reducing ...

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