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Touched with Fire

David E. Shi.

in Facing Facts

July 1996; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. 8492 words.

The Civil War was a pivotal event in American political and social history. However, it also served as the hinge in the nation's cultural development, a turning point after which...

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On Photographic Elegy

Josh Ellenbogen.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Elegy

April 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Literature; Literary Theory and Cultural Studies. 8391 words.

This article addresses elegy in photography. André Bazin notes that, in photography, ‘for the first time an image of the world is formed automatically, without the creative intervention of...

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Scots Abroad: The Achievements of Scottish Photographers Around the World

Roddy Simpson.

in The Photography of Victorian Scotland

August 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 8072 words.

This chapter focuses on the achievements of Scottish photographers outside of Scotland. In the Victorian period, Scottish photographers made their mark wherever they went, achieving notable...

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The Possible Rebirth of “Hostility”

Thomas E. Carbonneau.

in Toward a New Federal Law on Arbitration

October 2014; p ublished online December 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public International Law. 7238 words.

The Court's decisional law on arbitration is not free of ambivalence. There is a small group of cases in which the Court itself may have engaged in judicial hostility toward arbitration. Wi...

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Timothy H. O'Sullivan

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1840–82).

Photographer. Known for Civil War scenes and western landscapes, he overcame the harsh working conditions of wartime and rugged terrain to produce some of the nineteenth...

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Prince, Nancy Gardner (1799 - 1856), Autobiographer / Memoirist, Evangelist, Lecturer, Abolitionist

Anthony Aiello.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 2194 words.

Born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, to free parents, Nancy Prince and the details of her life are known largely through her own autobiography, Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs....

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English National Opera

Overview page. Subjects: Music.

English opera company with policy of usually performing operas in English. It assumed this name in 1974, six years after having moved into the London Coliseum in St Martin's Lane from its...

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George N. Barnard

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1819–1902).

Photographer. Among the earliest photographers to record newsworthy events, he contributed importantly to visual documentation of the Civil War. Born in Coventry,...

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Prince, Nancy Gardner

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 352 words.

Nancy Gardner Prince's 1850 Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince, Written by Herself, chronicles the antebellum economic conditions of free blacks, her experience in...

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Mathew B. Brady

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

(1823?–96).

Photographer. Known for portraits of illustrious Americans, he also masterminded creation of an extensive visual record of the Civil War, the first military conflict to...

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Greer, Sonny

T. Dennis Brown.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 755 words.

jazz drummer, was born William Alexander Greer Jr. in Long Branch, New Jersey, the son of William Alexander Greer, an electrician for the Pennsylvania Railroad. His mother, whose name is...

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Hyman, Phyllis (1949 - 1995), Popular Singer, Rhythm and Blues Musician / Singer, Jazz Singer, Songwriter

Barbara Bonous-Smit.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1582 words.

jazz, rhythm and blues, and popular music singer, songwriter, and stage and film actress, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the oldest of seven children of Beatrice Lively, a...

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Pacific Islands

Jon M Van Dyke and Sherry Broder.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law. 3796 words.

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Photography, American

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

In the United States, as elsewhere, images fixed by chemical responses to light excited widespread interest as soon as the process became available. Although photography's “truth” to...

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Jackson, Joseph Harrison

J. “Luke” Wood.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1051 words.

president of the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc., was born in Rudyard, Mississippi, to Henry Jackson and Emily Johnson Jackson. Jackson received a bachelor of arts degree from...

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Washington, James Melvin

Deborah Bingham Van Broekhoven.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1088 words.

scholar, preacher, and teacher, was born at the Colored General Hospital in Knoxville, Tennessee, to Annie Beatrice Moore Washington and James W. Washington. Raised with six siblings...

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Prince, Nancy Gardner

Australia Tarver.

in Black Women in America, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1055 words.

Prince's autobiography, Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince, Written by Herself (1850), is distinctive for several reasons. Its narrator wrote it as evidence of her...

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Prince, Nancy

Martha L. Wharton.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1457 words.

abolitionist, writer, lecturer, women's rights activist, and social critic, was born Nancy Gardner in Newburyport, Massachusetts, the daughter of an African American and Indian mother...

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Overdetermined Atrocities

James G. Stewart.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

December 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law. 15330 words.

An event is overdetermined if there are multiple sufficient causes for its occurrence. A firing squad is a classic illustration. If eight soldiers are convened to execute a prisoner, they...

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