in The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare
January 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Shakespeare Studies and Criticism. 1156 words.
In the theatre, Shakespearian plays were first produced in Brazil early in the 19th century (just before independence, 1822),
in The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets
January 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 1093 words.
has a tradition of eating sweets that arrived with the Portuguese. Indigenous Brazilians had used honey from native bees to
in The Oxford Companion to World War II
January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 169 words.
After the US entered the war in December 1941, Brazil declared solidarity with it while still maintaining diplomatic relations
in Searching for Justice After the Holocaust
February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .
Chapter. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; History of Law. 549 words.
Brazil declared war on Germany and was a member of the Allied powers during World War II. No immovable property—private, communal, or heirless—was confiscated from Jews or other targeted...
in Video Games Around the World
June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: Computer Science. 6355 words.
This essay is a history of video games in Brazil, and it contains a description of the Brazilian video game industry and how it has grown. Descriptions of video game companies and...
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in The HIV Pandemic
December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .
Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 8462 words.
This chapter reviews Brazil's response to its HIV epidemic. Brazil's reforms in the 1980s produced a healthcare system based on the principle that care should be delivered according to need...
in Culture and Management in the Americas
April 2009; p ublished online June 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: Business Strategy. 6690 words.
This chapter discusses the history of Brazil and argues that it was not colonized but kept, drawing attention from Portugal only when its interests in Asia were challenged by competitors....
in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Environmental Law
May 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .
Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law; Comparative Law. 13094 words.
This chapter examines Brazil’s environmental law. It first provides an overview of Brazil’s constitutional structure as it relates to federalism and the environment, taking into account how...
in Can Green Sustain Growth?
November 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .
Chapter. Subjects: Innovation. 8532 words.
Brazil’s energy matrix is among the most renewable in the world: 46% stems from hydroelectric dams, sugar cane-based ethanol, and wood and vegetable carbon. However, by some estimates...
in Providing Peacekeepers
February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 8373 words.
This chapter describes Brazil’s instrumentalist, yet still inchoate, approach to peace operations. It begins by providing the institutional and political context in which Brazil makes...
in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition
January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 6166 words.
With a total area of 8,547,404 sq km (3,300,171 sq mi), Brazil shares a border with French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana,
in Emergent Brazil
July 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 5126 words.
In the past few years, Brazil has renewed its interest in nuclear energy both for peaceful and military use. Possessing the sixth largest reserve of the world’s uranium and the key...
in The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality
January 2004; p ublished online January 2010 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality. 17732 words.
Demographics and a Brief Historical Perspective
Robert T. Francoeur
Brazil occupies the eastern half of South America; with
in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements
January 2015; p ublished online January 2015 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Latin American History. 3714 words.
The increased immigration of Brazilians to the United States that began in the 1980s has challenged some of the patterns
in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States
January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: United States History. 1757 words.
In the mid-1980s, significant numbers of Brazilians began emigrating for the first time in the nation's history. There had previously
in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History
January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 3423 words.
In Brazil—one of the most highly stratified societies in the world—the radically unequal possibilities for rich and poor, white and
in The Oxford Handbook of Indian Foreign Policy
July 2015; p ublished online December 2010 .
Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Comparative Politics. 6917 words.
The chapter analyzes India’s relations with Brazil in three distinct ways. Firstly, India–Brazil relations are analyzed in the historical context of India’s relations with Latin America....
in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History
January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Law. 2433 words.
A Portuguese colony since 1500, Brazil was an independent monarchy for more than sixty-five years (1822–1889) and