Oxford Index Search Results

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Total intravenous anaesthesia

JK Oosterhuis and AR Absalom.

in Landmark Papers in Anaesthesia

August 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 5693 words.

Chapter 4 covers total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA), its modern popularity, the complexities of pharmacokinetics of drug infusions and the benefits of the use of computer simulations in...

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Cowen, Prof. Philip John

in Who's Who

P ublished online December 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Medicine and Health. 165 words.

MD; FRCPsych; FMedSci

Born Romford, Essex 26 April 1951; s of Dr Dennis D. Cowen and Mrs Judith Cowen, JP (née Elks); ...

Pharmacokinetic models for propofol—defining and illuminating the devil in the detail

A. R. Absalom, V. Mani, T. De Smet and M. M. R. F. Struys.

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

July 2009; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 6596 words.

The recently introduced open-target-controlled infusion (TCI) systems can be programmed with any pharmacokinetic model, and allow either plasma- or effect-site targeting. With effect-site...

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Study of the time course of the clinical effect of propofol compared with the time course of the predicted effect-site concentration: performance of three pharmacokinetic–dynamic models

M. Coppens, J. G. M. Van Limmen, T. Schnider, B. Wyler, S. Bonte, F. Dewaele, M. M. R. F. Struys and H. E. M. Vereecke.

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

April 2010; p ublished online February 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 3168 words.

Background

In the ideal pharmacokinetic–dynamic (PK–PD) model for calculating the predicted effect-site concentration of propofol (CePROP), for any CePROP,...

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National responses to global health targets: exploring policy transfer in the context of the UNAIDS ‘90–90–90’ treatment targets in Ghana and Uganda

Ellen McRobie, Fred Matovu, Aisha Nanyiti, Justice Nonvignon, Daniel Nana Yaw Abankwah, Kelsey K Case, Timothy B Hallett, Johanna Hanefeld and Lesong Conteh.

in Health Policy and Planning

January 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 11674 words.

Abstract

Global health organizations frequently set disease-specific targets with the goal of eliciting adoption at the national-level; consideration of the...

samphire

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

1 Rock samphire, St Peter's herb, succulent plant of cliffs and saltmarshes (Crithmum maritimum, member of carrot family); grows on coastal rocks, and has fleshy aromatic...

See overview in Oxford Index

Precision and bias of target controlled propofol infusion for sedation

M. A. Frölich, D. M. Dennis, J. A. Shuster and R. J. Melker.

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

April 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 2510 words.

Background. The purpose of this study is to test precision and systematic bias of a target controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol in human volunteers at two sedative...

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Simmons, George Henry

William K. Beatty.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Medicine and Health. 1138 words.

Simmons, George Henry (02 January 1852–01 September 1937), physician, editor, and administrator, was born in Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire, England, the son of George Simmons and Sarah...

Target‐controlled infusion of propofol and remifentanil in cardiac anaesthesia: influence of age on predicted effect‐site concentrations

A. Ouattara, G. Boccara, S. Lemaire, U. Köckler, M. Landi, E. Vaissier, P. Léger and P. Coriat.

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

May 2003; p ublished online May 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 3498 words.

Background. Propofol‐anaesthesia administrated via target‐controlled infusion (TCI) has been proposed for cardiac surgery. Age‐related changes in pharmacology explain why...

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Evaluation of the predictive performance of four pharmacokinetic models for propofol

J. B. Glen and F. Servin.

in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia

May 2009; p ublished online March 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 3996 words.

Background

This study has compared the predictive performance of four pharmacokinetic models, two of which are currently incorporated in commercial...

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wetlands

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 102 words.

Open water habitat; e.g., in coastal tidal zones or inland marshes and waterlogged country adjacent to lakes and rivers. Wetlands are an essential component of flood control because they...

dental unit water lines

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

(DUWLs)

Part of a dental chair unit (DCU) used to provide water to cool and irrigate a variety of DCU-supplied instruments (i.e. turbine and conventional handpieces, ultrasonic...

See overview in Oxford Index

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

G.C.K.W. Koh and S.J. Peacock.

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

May 2010; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Infectious Diseases. 3222 words.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a highly versatile environmental Gram-negative bacterium that can be isolated from a wide range of habitats, including soil, marshes, and the...

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Risk of Lymphoproliferative Malignancy in Relation to Small Intestinal Histopathology Among Patients With Celiac Disease

Peter Elfström, Fredrik Granath, Karin Ekström Smedby, Scott M. Montgomery, Johan Askling, Anders Ekbom and Jonas F. Ludvigsson.

in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute

March 2011; p ublished online February 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 5601 words.

Background

Celiac disease is associated with an increased risk of malignant lymphomas. The risk of lymphoproliferative malignancies in patients with small...

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PTEN and Autism With Macrocepaly

Craig M. Powell.

in The Autisms

December 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 7595 words.

Phosphatase and Tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a gene encoding an intracellular signaling molecule. PTEN was originally discovered as the gene responsible...

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Benefits of anaemia treatment on cognitive function

John C. Stivelman.

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Nephrology. 0 words.

The role of anaemia in the pathogenesis of abnormal cognitive function in haemodialysis patients is only partly understood. Several contemporary studies have assessed cognitive function in...

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Brief Report: Behavioral Correlates of Postoperative Pain in Toddlers and Preschoolers

Beth Christiano and Sally E. Tarbell.

in Journal of Pediatric Psychology

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Psychology. 0 words.

Objective: To investigate the association between preoperatlve parent and child behaviors and postoperative pain in toddlers and preschoolers.

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Turner, Robert (b. 1619/20, d. in or after 1664), writer and translator of occult and medical works

Stanton J. Linden.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Education; Medicine and Health; Literature. 1108 words.

Turner, Robert (b. 1619/20, d. in or after 1664), writer and translator of occult and medical works, was born at Holshot, near Saffron Walden, Essex, the third son of Edmund Turner and his...

Hartley, William (1857–1924), showman and medicine vendor

William Schupbach.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Performing Arts; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Pharmacology. 881 words.

Hartley, William (1857–1924), showman and medicine vendor, was born on 8 August 1857 at Marsh Southowram, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the son of Alfred Hartley, described as a flag facer, and...

Physiologic changes in humans subjected to severe, selective calorie restriction for two years in biosphere 2: health, aging, and toxicological perspectives.

R L Walford, D Mock, T MacCallum and J L Laseter.

in Toxicological Sciences

December 1999; p ublished online December 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 0 words.

Biosphere 2 is a closed ecological space of 7-million cubic feet near Tucson, AZ, containing 7 biomes: rain forest, Savannah, ocean, marsh, desert, agricultural station, and habitat for...