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Mitchell, Clarence Maurice, Jr.

Kate Tuttle.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 269 words.

Less visible than many of his NAACP colleagues, Clarence Mitchell nonetheless had a major impact on the lives of African Americans. Known as the 101st senator, the longtime NAACP...

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Part IV Judicial Responses, 33 Realizing the Right to Redress for Victims of Terrorist Attacks

Ilaria Bottigliero.

in Counter-Terrorism

January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 27 pages. 13415 words.

Go to Oxford Scholarly Authorities on International Law »  abstract

National Human Rights Institutions in Europe

Gauthier de Beco.

in Human Rights Law Review

January 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; Human Rights. 18995 words.

Since the 1990s, the number of national human rights institutions (NHRIs or ‘national institutions’) has been growing in Europe. The aim of these institutions is to help implement...

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Part I Counter-terrorism and The Rule of Law Framework, 9 Impunity and the Emerging Patterns of International Justice

Tassaduq Hussein Jillani.

in Counter-Terrorism

January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 23 pages. 10905 words.

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Ieoh Ming Pei

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1917– )

US architect, born in China, best known for his monumental public buildings. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1992.

Born in Canton, Pei studied in...

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Dolores Huerta

Steven W. Bender.

in Latino Studies

P ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; US Cultural History. 2235 words.

Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012 and a cofounder with César Chávez of the United Farm Workers (UFW) union, Dolores Huerta (b. 1930–) is an iconic figure among Mexican...

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Billy Graham

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

1918– )

US evangelist who has conducted large religious meetings throughout the world. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1983 and the Congressional Gold Medal in...

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Mercer, Mabel Alice Wadham

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 253 words.

Mabel Mercer was born and spent her early years in Britain with her mother, an English variety actress. Her father, who died before Mercer was born, was an American Jazz musician.Mercer...

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Pantoja, Antonia

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 282 words.

Antonia Pantoja was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. She became a teacher in Puerto Rico and then moved to New York, New York, where she earned a bachelor's degree from Hunter College and...

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Sullivan, Leon Howard

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 297 words.

Leon Howard Sullivan was born in Charleston, West Virginia, and raised by his grandmother who encouraged him to help the disadvantaged. He pursued this goal by entering the ministry. He...

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Anderson, Marian

Scott A. Sandage.

in The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 333 words.

Marian Anderson's 1939 concert at the Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, D.C., marked the symbolic beginning of the civil rights movement. Born to a poor family in Philadelphia, Anderson...

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Margaret Chase Smith

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

(b. Skowhegan, Maine, 14 Dec. 1897; d. Skowhegan, Maine, 29 May 1995)

US; member of the US House of Representatives 1940–8, US Senator 1949–73 The daughter of the town barber,...

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Taylor, Gardner Calvin

Marian Aguiar.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 339 words.

Gardner Calvin Taylor was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and graduated with a bachelor's degree from Leland College. He began his theological training at Oberlin Theological Seminary in...

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Norton, Eleanor Holmes

Robert Fay.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 331 words.

Eleanor Holmes Norton was born in Washington, D.C., and graduated from Yale University Law School. In the 1960s she became active in the Civil Rights Movement, joining the Student...

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Coleman, William T(haddeus), Jr.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 460 words.

Born into a comfortable family in Germantown, Pennsylvania, William T. Coleman, Jr., graduated summa cum laude from the University of Pennsylvania in 1941, and ranked first in his class...

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Edwards, Lena Frances

Amy M. Hay.

in Black Women in America, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 789 words.

Edwards's service was also recognized in 1967 when she received the Poverello Medal, awarded to individuals whose lives followed the ideals of Saint Francis of Assisi. Blessed with...

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Higginbotham, A(loysius) Leon, Jr.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 550 words.

Born and raised in segregated Trenton, New Jersey, A. Leon Higginbotham Jr. attended Purdue University in Indiana to study engineering. Higginbotham objected to the segregated conditions...

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Hill, Oliver W.

Daniel Donaghy.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 973 words.

civil rights attorney. Oliver White Hill was born in Richmond, Virginia, to William Henry White Jr. and Olivia Lewis White. His parents separated when he was very young, and Hill...

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