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malt

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 58 words.

Mixture of starch breakdown products containing mainly maltose (malt sugar), prepared from barley or wheat.

The grain is allowed

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pentose

in The Oxford Companion to Beer

January 2011; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 126 words.

is a monosaccharide sugar composed of five carbohydrate atoms. In barley and other grains, pentose occurs naturally as the monomer

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Solomonic column

James Stevens Curl and Susan Wilson.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture

January 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture. 218 words.

*Barley-sugar, Salomonic, Salomónica, spiral, *torso or *twisted column, with a contorted or twisted *shaft, unlike the ...

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brewing

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 190 words.

The process by which beer is made. Fermentation of sugars from barley grain by the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. uvarum...

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brewing

Edited by Elizabeth Martin and Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

June 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 191 words.

The process by which beer is made. *Fermentation of sugars from barley grain by the yeasts *Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. uvarum (or S. carlsbergenesis) produces alcohol (ethanol). In the...

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R gene

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

abbr. for resistance gene; any gene in plants that imparts resistance against viruses, bacteria, fungi, aphids, or nematodes. Examples are known in potato, tobacco, flax,...

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mashing

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

In the brewing of beer, the process in which the malted barley (see malt) is heated with water, to extract the soluble sugars and to continue enzymic reactions started during malting.

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muesli

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

Breakfast cereal; a mixture of raw cereal flakes (oats, wheat, rye barley, and millet) together with dried fruit, apple flakes, nuts, sugar, bran, and wheatgerm. Originated in Switzerland...

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solomonic

Michael Clarke.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Theory of Art. 39 words.

A barley-sugar or twisted *column, so called because of its alleged use in the Temple of Solomon. Perhaps the most famous examples are the four columns of Bernini's ...

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orgeat

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink.

In origin, orgeat is a French term parallel to English barley water. It comes from French orge, ‘barley’, and at first signified a ‘cooling drink made by steeping barley in water’. That was...

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Effect of adding and removing N‐glycosylation recognition sites on the thermostability of barley α‐glucosidase

S.E. Clark, E.H. Muslin and C.A. Henson.

in Protein Engineering, Design and Selection

March 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Proteins. 3590 words.

The thermostability of α‐glucosidase is important because the conversion of starch to fermentable sugars during the industrial production of beer and fuel ethanol typically occurs at...

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maltose

Edited by Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 56 words.

A sugar consisting of two linked glucose molecules that results from the action of the enzyme *amylase on starch. Maltose occurs in high concentrations in germinating seeds; malt, used in...

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maltose

Edited by Elizabeth Martin and Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

June 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 56 words.

A sugar consisting of two linked glucose molecules that results from the action of the enzyme *amylase on starch. Maltose occurs in high concentrations in germinating seeds; malt, used in...

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maltose

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 50 words.

A sugar consisting of two linked glucose molecules that results from the action of the enzyme amylase on starch. Maltose occurs in barley seeds following germination and drying, which is...

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Virus-induced gene silencing of P23k in barley leaf reveals morphological changes involved in secondary wall formation

Ai Oikawa, Abidur Rahman, Tetsuro Yamashita, Hideharu Taira and Shin-ichiro Kidou.

in Journal of Experimental Botany

July 2007; p ublished online June 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry. 4566 words.

P23k is a monocot-unique protein that is highly expressed in the scutellum of germinating barley seed. Previous expression analyses suggested that P23k is involved in sugar translocation...

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brewing

Carl Schaschke.

in A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 201 words.

A *fermentation process used to the production of beer, lager, and whisky. A major component used in beer and Scotch whisky process is barley. The barley is first converted to barley malt...

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Nitrogen deficiency in barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings induces molecular and metabolic adjustments that trigger aphid resistance

Gloria Comadira, Brwa Rasool, Barbara Karpinska, Jenny Morris, Susan R. Verrall, Peter E. Hedley, Christine H. Foyer and Robert D. Hancock.

in Journal of Experimental Botany

June 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry. 11034 words.

Agricultural nitrous oxide (N2O) pollution resulting from the use of synthetic fertilizers represents a significant contribution to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, providing a...

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C3 plant

Will Manley, Katharine Foot and Andrew Davis.

in A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Sciences; Agriculture and Farming. 80 words.

Plants create sugar by *photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide is taken in through stomata or pores in the leaves and combined with water to form glucose and oxygen using sunlight energy captured...

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whisky

Carl Schaschke.

in A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology. 130 words.

A distilled spirit made from a fermented mash of sugars derived from cereal. Scotch malt whisky and Irish whiskey are made from malted barley from which the starch is converted to sugars...

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Frost De-acclimation of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and Meadow Fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.). Relationship between Soluble Carbohydrate Content and Resistance to Frost and the Fungal PathogenBipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoem.

M. Rapacz, A. Plażek and E. Niemczyk.

in Annals of Botany

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 11 words.

Plants of barley (Hordeum vulgare) and meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis), two species differing in their susceptibility to the fungal pathogen Bipolaris sorokiniana, were cold-acclimated....

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