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community

Edited by Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 72 words.

A naturally occurring assemblage of plant and animal species living within a defined area or habitat. Communities are named after one of their ...

community

Edited by Jeremy Butterfield.

in Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage

January 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 259 words.

1 Community is such a vogue word to refer to ‘a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common’, e.g. ...

Community

Michael C. Heller.

in Loft Jazz

December 2016; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: American Music. 11342 words.

This chapter examines discourses of community as well as contradictory discourses of isolation that arose within the lofts. While references to community involvement were quite common, the...

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community

P. H. Matthews.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics

January 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Linguistics. 44 words.

See speech community. Also applied, in pretentious imitation of the social sciences, to any set of people who have some feature or features in common. It may be important,...

Community

Linda A. Mercadante.

in Belief without Borders

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 15984 words.

Various perspectives and problems regarding community are given, including religious views such as those from Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and indigenous religions....

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Community

John Eekelaar.

in Family Law and Personal Life

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Family Law. 12440 words.

This final chapter considers the critiques of individualism by communitarianism and feminism which followed the work of Alasdair Macintyre. While recognizing the virtues of community, it...

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Community

Megan Meyer.

in Social Work

P ublished online June 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Social Work. 8257 words.

Understanding, fostering, and mobilizing communities have been central features of social work practice since the profession’s founding in the late 1800s. During this period of rapid...

community

Alisdair Rogers, Noel Castree and Rob Kitchin.

in A Dictionary of Human Geography

January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Human Geography. 282 words.

A form of social, and often spatial, organization centred on common interests and/or a locale. Although its definition is often disputed within academia and amongst policy makers, it is...

community

Overview page. Subjects: Law.

N.

A local government area in Wales, as set out in the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, consisting of a division of a county or a county borough and equivalent to an English...

See overview in Oxford Index

community

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 89 words.

A group of people; e.g., a neighborhood, village, or municipal or rural region or a social group with a unifying common interest or trait, loosely organized into a recognizable unit; a...

Communities

in Economics

February 2007; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economics. 2405 words.

‘Communities’ examines the cooperative relationships that exist in different communities. One way of preventing opportunistic behaviour is through linking relationships together. This...

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Communities

Ginestra Bianconi.

in Multilayer Networks

June 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mathematical and Statistical Physics; Computational Physics. 8438 words.

Multilayer networks have a mesoscale structure organized in multilayer communities, spanning different layers and often revealing important functional properties of the network. In this...

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Communities

Ali Yaycioglu.

in Partners of the Empire

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 16864 words.

Chapter Three analyzes the ways in which provincial communities responded to changes in the eighteenth century. It argues that while the central administration was disconnected from the...

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Arts and Humanities.

Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and...

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community

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences — Earth Sciences and Geography.

Generally, any grouping of populations of different organisms that are found living together in a particular environment; essentially, the biotic component of an ecosystem. The organisms...

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Community

Cathy Shrank.

in Cultural Reformations

June 2010; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Early and Medieval). 8787 words.

In 1590, Edward Allde printed a slim quarto of thirty-six leaves containing John Lydgate’s The Serpent of Devision (1422) and Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville’s Tragedye of Gorboduc (firs...

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Community

Gerald E. Poyo.

in Exile and Revolution

February 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 10419 words.

During the Cuban Ten Years’ War, José D. Poyo participated in creating a multiracial revolutionary community in Key West safe from Spanish authority where activists freely supported Cuban...

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community

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 34 words.

1 Set of social relationships existing within a geographically defined area, or the area itself.

2 Relationships that exist on an abstract ideological or...

Community

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

January 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 3286 words.

Community is a broad concept that can refer to many different types of social groups and collectivities, ranging from small to large, virtual or concrete. In sport scholarship,...

Community

Anna L. Peterson.

in Seeds of the Kingdom

December 2005; p ublished online February 2006 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 10754 words.

This chapter looks at the extent to which the Salvadorans and Amish settlements have achieved social justice, protection for vulnerable groups, and democratic institutions and processes in...

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