Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 21-40 of 45 items for:

community x Archaeology by Region x Arts and Humanities x North American Archaeology x clear all

Ancient DNA and Stable Isotopes

Justin Tackney, Joan Coltrain, Jennifer Raff and Dennis O'Rourke.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 11843 words.

Genetic diversity in modern Arctic communities provides a baseline from which to assess population history. This is augmented by documenting patterns of genetic variation in prehistoric...

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Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean

Julian Granberry.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3597 words.

At the time of Spanish intervention in the Caribbean, there were seven different indigenous speech communities in the Antilles: Ciboney Taíno in Hispaniola, all of central Cuba, all but the...

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Gateway to the Mainland

Arie Boomert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 5692 words.

Trinidad and Tobago form the southernmost links in the chain of islands constituting the Lesser Antillean archipelago. They represent a natural gateway for human migration, exchange, and...

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The Post-Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles (A.D. 600/800–1492)

Corinne L. Hofman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 7378 words.

This article argues that the cultural transformations associated with the end of the Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles are pivotal for understanding the sociopolitical, economic, and...

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Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence, and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba

Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 7681 words.

This article discusses the basic aspects of the archaeological practice in Cuba, looking at how vital characteristics of the indigenous communities that were established in Cuban territory...

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The Winter Village Pattern on the Plateau of Northwestern North America

Anna Marie Prentiss.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4033 words.

Development of the historic Plateau cultures is not one of gradual in situ change across the millennia of the Holocene. Rather, recent evidence suggests a far more complex history involving...

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What Will Be Has Always Been: The Past and Present of Northern Iroquoians

Ronald F. Williamson.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4210 words.

General characteristics defining the cultural pattern of Northern Iroquoians included primary reliance on horticulture for subsistence. Perhaps one of the most interesting historical...

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Regional Ritual Organization in the Northern Great Lakes, AD 1200–1600

Meghan C. L. Howey.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4273 words.

This article explores what archaeologists call the “late Late Woodland/Late Prehistoric period,” the era from AD 1200 to 1600, in the Northern Great Lakes. It explores the dynamic choices...

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Cahokia Interaction and Ethnogenesis in the Northern Midcontinent

Thomas E. Emerson.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4843 words.

The period from AD 900 to 1500 represents one of tremendous change in the northern Midcontinent. Driven by conditions of political and social asymmetry, environmental and economic...

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Moundville in the Mississippian World

John H. Blitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3977 words.

With the theme of culture change in mind, this article reviews Moundville's history as four sequential occupation periods: Moundville's Origins (AD 1020–1200), Moundville as a Fortified...

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The Mesa Verde Region

Mark D. Varien, Timothy A. Kohler and Scott G. Ortman.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4356 words.

The Mesa Verde region (MVR), located in the Four Corners area of the southwestern United States, contains one of the best-known and most intensively studied archaeological records of a...

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Casas Grandes Phenomenon

Christine S. VanPool and Todd L. VanPool.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 5131 words.

Between AD 1200 and 1450, the Casas Grandes Phenomenon—a distinctive political and religious system—swept across northwestern Mexico, southeastern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and...

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North America—Southwest

Polly Schaafsma.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8861 words.

This broad overview considers the long discontinuous and diverse history of anthropomorphic figurine production in the ancient American Southwest. While the primary focus is on the Hohokam,...

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The Built Environment

Michael Adler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; History of Art. 10058 words.

The most intensively studied societies within Southwest archaeology—the Ancestral “Pueblos”—have been defined by their architecture. Stark village ruins of stone and adobe, some perched...

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Agricultural Landscapes

Kurt Anschuetz, Eileen L. Camilli and Christopher D. Banet.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 5876 words.

The discussion in this chapter is based on the premise that agricultural landscapes are the foundations of the economies, social organizations, and cultural identities of farming...

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North America

Kelley Hays‐Gilpin.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

October 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 10465 words.

The archaeology of Pueblo religions connects material evidence for ritual practice with ethnography and ethnohistory. Pueblo people still live where their ancestors did when Spanish...

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Maritime Economies of the Central Gulf of Alaska after 4000 b.p.

Amy Steffian, Patrick Saltonstall and Linda Finn Yarborough.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 8176 words.

Alaska’s central gulf coast encompasses four environmentally diverse regions stretching from Prince William Sound to the Pacific coast of the Alaska Peninsula. Despite their unique...

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Native American Diaspora and Ethnogenesis

Craig N. Cipolla.

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Migration Studies; Race and Ethnicity. 10884 words.

This chapter considers the current state and future of archaeological studies of Native American diaspora and ethnogenesis. It begins with an exploration of the broader literature...

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Transcending Oppression

E. Kofi Agorsah.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology; Historical Archaeology. 5720 words.

The story of the Maroons, enslaved Africans and their descendants, who fled from bondage and fought a long series of wars to maintain their freedom, goes back to the very earliest days of...

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The Construction of an Identity and the Politics of Remembering

Carmen A. Laguer Díaz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology; Race and Ethnicity. 4644 words.

This article examines nation building and its perpetuation through social memory and social identity theory to understand how it affects, and is affected by, the politics surrounding...

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