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Caribbean

Aisha Khan.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 6513 words.

The Caribbean region, also at times referred to as the Atlantic World, consists of populations residing in the islands in the Caribbean Sea (the Greater and Lesser Antilles and the...

Cargo Cults

Lamont Lindstrom.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 10808 words.

When the Second World War ended in 1945, anthropologists resumed their studies of Pacific Island societies with new interest in social change and social unrest that had been sparked by...

Colonialism

Oren Kroll-Zeldin.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 8623 words.

Few topics in the discipline of anthropology are as important, and controversial, as colonialism. The historical origins of anthropology are rooted in the colonial enterprise, thus forever...

Cultural Relativism

Mayanthi Fernando.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 12127 words.

In a 1580 essay called “On the Cannibals,” early Enlightenment thinker Michel de Montaigne posited that men are by nature ethnocentric and that they judge the customs and morals of other...

Media Anthropology

Rebecca Pardo, Elizabeth ErkenBrack and John L. Jackson.

in Anthropology

P ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 11422 words.

Although anthropologists have long addressed topics related to media and communications technologies, some have argued that a truly institutionalized commitment to the anthropology of media...

Genocide

Jeff Benvenuto and Alex Hinton.

in Anthropology

P ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 10626 words.

Genocide is one of the most serious problems confronting humanity. It has produced extreme suffering, hundreds of millions of deaths, and the catastrophic shattering of families,...

Performance Studies

D. Soyini Madison.

in Anthropology

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 9988 words.

Performance has evolved into ways of comprehending how human beings fundamentally make culture, affect power, and reinvent their ways of being in the world. The insistence on performance as...

Tourism

Carla Guerrón Montero.

in Anthropology

P ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 7096 words.

Anthropology has expanded and changed radically by including within its purview the study of tourism. In spite of the ubiquitous nature of traveling in anthropology, tourism and travel...

Matriarchal Studies

Barbara Alice Mann and Heide Göttner-Abendroth.

in Anthropology

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 14466 words.

Evidence of matriarchy had always existed in western chronicles, albeit scattered or hidden amid other ethnographic tidbits, all of them filtered heavily through the androcentric lens of...

Religion

Andrew Buckser.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 11310 words.

Religion represents an ideal subject for anthropologists. It is, on the one hand, a human universal—all groups of people develop complexes of symbols, rituals, and beliefs that connect...

HIV/AIDS

Thurka Sangaramoorthy.

in Anthropology

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 9521 words.

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) represents a group of conditions that occur as a result of severe immunosuppression related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection....

Archaeology

Wendy Ashmore and Thomas C. Patterson.

in Anthropology

P ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 12935 words.

Archaeology is a historical social science concerned with study of past societies and cultures through material traces, called the archaeological record. These traces may have been left by...

Human Rights

Samuel Martinez.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 13926 words.

Once considered a topic that held little interest for cultural anthropologists, human rights became a focus of growing anthropological concern over the 1990s and 2000s. Important...

Virtual Ethnography

Bianca Williams.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 9060 words.

In the early 1990s, there was a small group of anthropologists calling for the discipline to take seriously the impact of mass media on cultural beliefs and practices and to see the...

Writing Culture

Olaf Zenker.

in Anthropology

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 11278 words.

Writing Culture is the title of a highly influential volume, edited by James Clifford and George Marcus in 1986 (see Clifford and Marcus 1986 cited under Writing Culture Debate: Writing...

Eric R. Wolf

Josiah McC. Heyman.

in Anthropology

P ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 6562 words.

Eric R. Wolf (b. 1923–d. 1999) received a BA in anthropology from Queens College, City University of New York, and a PhD in anthropology from Columbia University. At Columbia he formed part...

Scandinavia

Alison Cool.

in Anthropology

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 10198 words.

Scandinavia, a region of Northern Europe, includes Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. In English, the term Scandinavia is often used to refer to a broader geographic area that also encompasses...

Rhetoric Culture Theory

Christian Meyer, Felix Girke and Michał Mokrzan.

in Anthropology

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 12207 words.

A world in which the truth was certain, the past known, the future transparent, and identity unambiguous might be the aspirational ideal of the human sciences, and surely serves as a...

Biological Citizenship

Jessica Mulligan.

in Anthropology

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5693 words.

Biological citizenship—also called medical citizenship; biocitizenship; health citizenship; therapeutic citizenship—describes forms of belonging, rights claims, and demands for access to...

Archaeology of Childhood

Jane Eva Baxter.

in Anthropology

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Anthropology; Human Evolution; Medical Anthropology; Physical Anthropology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 19368 words.

The archaeology of childhood is an area of scholarly inquiry that makes explicit archaeological interests in children, childhood, childrearing, and related topics. This area of interest...