Oxford Index Search Results

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decision-making x Neurology x clear all

Improvements in Attention and Decision-Making Following Combined Behavioral Training and Brain Stimulation

Hannah L. Filmer, Elizabeth Varghese, Guy E. Hawkins, Jason B. Mattingley and Paul E. Dux.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2017; p ublished online July 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 5893 words.

Abstract

In recent years there has been a significant commercial interest in ‘brain training’ – massed or spaced practice on a small set of tasks to boost...

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Deciding how to decide: ventromedial frontal lobe damage affects information acquisition in multi-attribute decision making

Lesley K. Fellows.

in Brain

April 2006; p ublished online February 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6413 words.

Ventromedial frontal lobe (VMF) damage is associated with impaired decision making. Recent efforts to understand the functions of this brain region have focused on its role in tracking...

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Decision-making and trait impulsivity in bipolar disorder are associated with reduced prefrontal regulation of striatal reward valuation

Liam Mason, Noreen O’Sullivan, Daniela Montaldi, Richard P. Bentall and Wael El-Deredy.

in Brain

August 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6199 words.

Bipolar disorder is characterized by impaired decision-making captured in impulsivity and risk-taking. We sought to determine whether this is driven by a failure to effectively weight the...

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Prefrontal Cortical Inactivations Decrease Willingness to Expend Cognitive Effort on a Rodent Cost/Benefit Decision-Making Task

Jay G. Hosking, Paul J. Cocker and Catharine A. Winstanley.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2016; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7667 words.

Personal success often necessitates expending greater effort for greater reward but, equally important, also requires judicious use of our limited cognitive resources (e.g., attention)....

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Memory, Decision-Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex (vmPFC): The Roles of Subcallosal and Posterior Orbitofrontal Cortices in Monitoring and Control Processes

Melissa Hebscher, Moran Barkan-Abramski, Morris Goldsmith, Judith Aharon-Peretz and Asaf Gilboa.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7660 words.

Abstract

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) prominently and separately features in neurobiological models of decision-making (e.g., value-encoding) and...

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Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance

René San Martín, Lawrence G. Appelbaum, Scott A. Huettel and Marty G. Woldorff.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2016; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9248 words.

Adaptive choice behavior depends critically on identifying and learning from outcome-predicting cues. We hypothesized that attention may be preferentially directed toward certain...

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P01.127 The impact of first MR in clinical decision making of patients with high grade glioma treated with radio-chemotherapy

M Cantarella, F Pasqualetti, A Molinari, A Gonnelli, M Cosottini and F Paiar.

in Neuro-Oncology

September 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

Standard up-front therapy of high grade glioma (HGG) is focused on the so called Stupp...

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Peripheral Serotonin 1B Receptor Transcription Predicts the Effect of Acute Tryptophan Depletion on Risky Decision-Making

Paul Faulkner, Federico Mancinelli, Patricia L Lockwood, Mar Matarin, Raymond J Dolan, Nick W Wood, Peter Dayan and Jonathan P Roiser.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

P ublished online September 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 6846 words.

Abstract

Background

The effects of acute tryptophan depletion on human decision-making suggest that serotonin...

P09.10 Clinical fMRI in low grade glioma patients: impact on surgical decision making and patient outcomes

S. E. Kosteniuk, J. C. Lau and J. F. Megyesi.

in Neuro-Oncology

October 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Background:

This study aims to evaluate the impact of preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on low grade glioma (LGG) patients’ outcomes...

NIMG-38. QUALITY OF SURGICAL DECISION MAKING FOR PATIENTS WITH A GLIOBLASTOMA IS SIMILAR BETWEEN NEURO-ONCOLOGICAL CARE TEAMS FROM THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE NETHERLANDS

Domenique M J Müller, Pierre Robe, Seunggu J Han, Frederik Barkhof, William Peter Vandertop, Mitchel S Berger and Philip C de Witt Hamer.

in Neuro-Oncology

November 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The extent of resection is important to improve survival in patients with a glioblastoma. The...

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P05.82 Clinical decision making. The route from an ontology to a prediction model for stereotactic radiotherapy: PRE.M.I.S.E. (PREdiction Models in Stereotactic External Radiotherapy)

F Bianciardi, S Chiesa, B Tolu, S Longo, G Minniti, B Nardiello, F Cellini, F Rea, P Gentile and V Valentini.

in Neuro-Oncology

September 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

Background

It becomes more and more clear that people with the same cancer can have different forms of the...

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GERM-22. DECISION-MAKING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINE FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE UP TO 19 YEARS (CYP) PRESENTING WITH IDIOPATHIC PITUITARY STALK THICKENING (iTPS) AND/OR IDIOPATHIC CENTRAL DIABETES INSIPIDUS (iCDI)

Manuela Cerbone, Johannes Visser, Chloe Bulwer, Ashraf Ederies, Kirtana Vallabhaneni, Stephen Ball, Ian Kamaly, Ashley Grossman, Helena Gleeson, Marta Korbonits, Vasanta Nanduri, Vaya Tziaferi, Tom Jacques and Helen A Spoudeas.

in Neuro-Oncology

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

AIM: To develop a high-quality national guideline for the assessment and management of CYP presenting with iTPS and/or iCDI before their 19th...

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Perfusion computed tomography to assist decision making for stroke thrombolysis

Andrew Bivard, Christopher Levi, Venkatesh Krishnamurthy, Patrick McElduff, Ferdi Miteff, Neil J. Spratt, Grant Bateman, Geoffrey Donnan, Stephen Davis and Mark Parsons.

in Brain

July 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8052 words.

The use of perfusion imaging to guide selection of patients for stroke thrombolysis remains controversial because of lack of supportive phase three clinical trial evidence. We aimed to...

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Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions

Antoine Bechara, Daniel Tranel and Hanna Damasio.

in Brain

November 2000; p ublished online November 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 10431 words.

On a gambling task that models real-life decisions, patients with bilateral lesions of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VM) opt for choices that yield high immediate gains in spite of...

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The human subthalamic nucleus encodes the subjective value of reward and the cost of effort during decision-making

Alexandre Zénon, Yann Duclos, Romain Carron, Tatiana Witjas, Christelle Baunez, Jean Régis, Jean-Philippe Azulay, Peter Brown and Alexandre Eusebio.

in Brain

June 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9144 words.

Adaptive behaviour entails the capacity to select actions as a function of their energy cost and expected value and the disruption of this faculty is now viewed as a possible cause of the...

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PM300. Impaired fronto-insular activation during risky decision making in young adults with internet gaming disorder

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

June 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 313 words.

PATH-52. UTILIZING NEXT GENERATION SEQUENCING REPORTS IN CLINICAL DECISION MAKING: REPORT FROM THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH) NEURO-ONCOLOGY BRANCH (NOB) NATURAL HISTORY STUDY (NHS) PRIMARY BRAIN TUMOR PANEL (PBTP)

Christine Siegel, Orwa Aboud, Miranda Brown, Hye-Jung Chung, Mark Raffeld, Sonja Crandon, Ming Ji, Jason Levine, Elizabeth Vera, Snehal Patel, Jennifer Reyes, Terri Armstrong, Liqiang Xi, Alvina Acquaye, Lisa Boris, Nicole Briceno, Nancy Garren, Carlos Romo, Martha Quezado, Jing Wu, Brett Theeler and Mark Gilbert.

in Neuro-Oncology

November 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The use of molecular diagnostics is an integral component of CNS cancer care. The NIH NOB PBTP...

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P15.03CARER PERCEPTIONS OF THE END OF LIFE PHASE IN MALIGNANT GLIOMA IN SOUTH EAST SCOTLAND

S. McNamara, J.C. Day, S. Erridge, S. Peoples and R. Grant.

in Neuro-Oncology

September 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about Health-Related Quality of Life of glioma patients during the end-of-life-phase of care. During this time, patients may experience a number of...

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BI-08MICROVESICLES CAN DISTINGUISH BETWEEN TUMOR PROGRESSION AND TREATMENT EFFECT/PSEUDOPROGRESSION IN GLIOBLASTOMA PATIENTS TREATED WITH RADIATION AND TEMOZOLOMIDE

Sydney M. Evans, Cameron J. Koch and Robert Lustig.

in Neuro-Oncology

November 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

The standard of care for glioblastoma (GB) is radiation therapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) following optimal surgery. This regimen has been accompanied by an increase in the occurrence of...

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Recursive partitioning analysis of prognostic variables in newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors

Katherine S. Panageas, Anne S. Reiner, Fabio M. Iwamoto, Timothy F. Cloughesy, Kenneth D. Aldape, Andreana L. Rivera, April F. Eichler, David N. Louis, Nina A. Paleologos, Barbara J. Fisher, Lynn S. Ashby, J. Gregory Cairncross, Gloria B. Roldán Urgoiti, Patrick Y. Wen, Keith L. Ligon, David Schiff, H. Ian Robins, Brandon G. Rocque, Marc C. Chamberlain, Warren P. Mason, Susan A. Weaver, Richard M. Green, Francois G. Kamar, Lauren E. Abrey, Lisa M. DeAngelis, Suresh C. Jhanwar, Marc K. Rosenblum and Andrew B. Lassman.

in Neuro-Oncology

November 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 2884 words.

Background

Anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors are rare, and median survival varies widely. Analysis of 1p19q deletion is performed commonly and is an...

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