Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 21-40 of 42 items for:

decision-making x Neurology x Medicine and Health x Clinical Neuroscience x clear all

Show only full text

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Individual Differences in Premotor Brain Systems Underlie Behavioral Apathy

Valerie Bonnelle, Sanjay Manohar, Tim Behrens and Masud Husain.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2016; p ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9598 words.

Lack of physical engagement, productivity, and initiative—so-called “behavioral apathy”—is a common problem with significant impact, both personal and economic. Here, we investigate whether...

Go to »  full text: open access

Supplementary Eye Field Encodes Confidence in Decisions Under Risk

NaYoung So and Veit Stuphorn.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2016; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 14340 words.

Choices are made with varying degrees of confidence, a cognitive signal representing the subjective belief in the optimality of the choice. Confidence has been mostly studied in the context...

Go to »  full text

Acute Assessment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Linda Papa.

in Neurotrauma

November 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Psychiatry; Clinical Neuroscience. 4415 words.

Most patients with mild TBI (mTBI) are discharged from the emergency department (ED) after a normal clinical examination and a reasonable period of observation and/or following a negative...

Go to »  abstract

Electrophysiological Correlates of a Versatile Executive Control System in the Monkey Anterior Cingulate Cortex

Thomas Michelet, Bernard Bioulac, Nicolas Langbour, Michel Goillandeau, Dominique Guehl and Pierre Burbaud.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2016; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9717 words.

When a subject faces conflicting situations, decision-making becomes uncertain. The human dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been repeatedly implicated in the monitoring of such...

Go to »  full text

Globally Divergent but Locally Convergent X- and Y-Chromosome Influences on Cortical Development

Armin Raznahan, Nancy Raitano Lee, Deanna Greenstein, Gregory L. Wallace, Jonathan D. Blumenthal, Liv S. Clasen and Jay N. Giedd.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2016; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 6672 words.

Owing to their unique evolutionary history, modern mammalian X- and Y-chromosomes have highly divergent gene contents counterbalanced by regulatory features, which preferentially restrict...

Go to »  full text

From Phineas Gage and Monsieur Leborgne to H.M.: Revisiting Disconnection Syndromes

M. Thiebaut de Schotten, F. Dell'Acqua, P. Ratiu, A. Leslie, H. Howells, E. Cabanis, M. T. Iba-Zizen, O. Plaisant, A. Simmons, N. F. Dronkers, S. Corkin and M. Catani.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 12289 words.

On the 50th anniversary of Norman Geschwind's seminal paper entitled ‘Disconnexion syndrome in animal and man’, we pay tribute to his ideas by applying contemporary tractography methods to...

Go to »  full text: open access

Role of the Perigenual Anterior Cingulate and Orbitofrontal Cortex in Contingency Learning in the Marmoset

Stacey A. W. Jackson, Nicole K. Horst, Andrew Pears, Trevor W. Robbins and Angela C. Roberts.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9389 words.

Two learning mechanisms contribute to decision-making: goal-directed actions and the “habit” system, by which action-outcome and stimulus-response associations are formed, respectively....

Go to »  full text: open access

The Dopaminergic Midbrain Encodes the Expected Certainty about Desired Outcomes

Philipp Schwartenbeck, Thomas H. B. FitzGerald, Christoph Mathys, Ray Dolan and Karl Friston.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2015; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9620 words.

Dopamine plays a key role in learning; however, its exact function in decision making and choice remains unclear. Recently, we proposed a generic model based on active (Bayesian) inference...

Go to »  full text: open access

Age-Dependent D1–D2 Receptor Coactivation in the Lateral Orbitofrontal Cortex Potentiates NMDA Receptors and Facilitates Cognitive Flexibility

Jennifer L. Thompson, Jinhui Yang, Benjamin Lau, Shuai Liu, Corey Baimel, Lauren E. Kerr, Fang Liu and Stephanie L. Borgland.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 11526 words.

Abstract

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) integrates information about the environment to guide decision-making. Glutamatergic synaptic transmission mediated...

Go to »  full text

Processing Narratives Concerning Protected Values: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Neural Correlates

Jonas T. Kaplan, Sarah I. Gimbel, Morteza Dehghani, Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Kenji Sagae, Jennifer D. Wong, Christine M. Tipper, Hanna Damasio, Andrew S. Gordon and Antonio Damasio.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9935 words.

Abstract

Narratives are an important component of culture and play a central role in transmitting social values. Little is known, however, about how the brain...

Go to »  full text

Medial Orbitofrontal Cortex Mediates Effort-related Responding in Rats

Alexandra Münster and Wolfgang Hauber.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 8065 words.

Abstract

The medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC) is known to support flexible control of goal-directed behavior. However, limited evidence suggests that the...

Go to »  full text

“Wrong Way Up”: Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of the Networks for Body Motion Processing at 9.4 T

Marina A Pavlova, Michael Erb, Gisela E Hagberg, Joana Loureiro, Alexander N Sokolov and Klaus Scheffler.

in Cerebral Cortex

November 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 8845 words.

Abstract

Body motion delivers a wealth of socially relevant information. Yet display inversion severely impedes biological motion (BM) processing. It is...

Go to »  full text

Disorders of Consciousness: Common Findings in Brain Injury

Calixto Machado, Mario Estévez, Rafael Rodríguez, Mauricio Chinchilla and Jesús Pérez-Nellar.

in Neurotrauma

November 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Psychiatry; Clinical Neuroscience. 4287 words.

The disorders of consciousness (DOC) discussions are actual and permanent subjects for debate in the media and scientific discussion in any forum. Controversies exist in the use of...

Go to »  abstract

1054 Mixed Methods Study To Explore Attitudes And Beliefs About Sleep For Clinicians, Administrators And Policy Makers In Child Welfare

A Pandey, K Littlewood, L Cooper, L Hernandez and A Day.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

In the past few years, Arizona, Louisiana, Texas, Florida and Washington, D.C., have all...

Go to »  full text: open access

0301 Sleep Deprivation Unmasks Performance Deficits Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

M St. Pierre, A Grillakis, C Campbell, V Capaldi, J Mantua, A Brager and A Yarnell.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

Subjective cognitive complaints are common in the chronic stages (>3 months since injury) of...

Go to »  full text: open access

0114 Effects of Sleep Extension and Deprivation on Performance Using a Cognitively Demanding Emotional Task

S E Alger, N Prindle, A J Brager, T J Doty, R H Ratcliffe, D Ephrem, A M Yarnell, T J Balkin, V F Capaldi and G Simonelli.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

Insufficient sleep (chronic restriction or acute sleep deprivation) reduces activity in...

Go to »  full text: open access

Molecular and Clinicopathologic Heterogeneity of Intracranial Tumors Mimicking Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma

Julia Velz, Abbas Agaimy, Karl Frontzek, Marian Christoph Neidert, Oliver Bozinov, Ulrich Wagner, Christine Fritz, Roland Coras, Silvia Hofer, Beata Bode-Lesniewska and Elisabeth Rushing.

in Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology

August 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Pathology; Histopathology. 4577 words.

Abstract

Primary intracranial neoplasms with features of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas (EMC) are extremely rare and poorly characterized tumors with...

0188 Sleep Duration, Sleep Quality, And Factors Influencing Food Choices Among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participants

D Grigsby-Toussaint and J Shin.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

Self-reported short-sleep duration as well as sleep quality have been hypothesized to...

Go to »  full text: open access

0610 The Reverse Stroop Test applied in the Sleep Clinic

C Rosenberg and K Strohl.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

The Stroop test (Stroop, 1935) is a measure of executive function and part of neurocognitive...

Go to »  full text: open access

0655 Circadian Sleep Preferences, Sleep Quality, Daytime Sleepiness and Sleep Hygiene amongst Undergraduate students of a Nigerian University

C T Seun-Fadipe, K S Mosaku and M Komolafe.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

Sleep is very important for human health and survival. Among the most important functions of...

Go to »  full text: open access