Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 21-40 of 101 items for:

decision-making x Neurology x Neuroscience x clear all

Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance

René San Martín, Lawrence G. Appelbaum, Scott A. Huettel and Marty G. Woldorff.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2016; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9248 words.

Adaptive choice behavior depends critically on identifying and learning from outcome-predicting cues. We hypothesized that attention may be preferentially directed toward certain...

Peripheral Serotonin 1B Receptor Transcription Predicts the Effect of Acute Tryptophan Depletion on Risky Decision-Making

Paul Faulkner, Federico Mancinelli, Patricia L Lockwood, Mar Matarin, Raymond J Dolan, Nick W Wood, Peter Dayan and Jonathan P Roiser.

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

P ublished online September 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 6846 words.

Abstract

Background

The effects of acute tryptophan depletion on human decision-making suggest that serotonin...

Perfusion computed tomography to assist decision making for stroke thrombolysis

Andrew Bivard, Christopher Levi, Venkatesh Krishnamurthy, Patrick McElduff, Ferdi Miteff, Neil J. Spratt, Grant Bateman, Geoffrey Donnan, Stephen Davis and Mark Parsons.

in Brain

July 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8052 words.

The use of perfusion imaging to guide selection of patients for stroke thrombolysis remains controversial because of lack of supportive phase three clinical trial evidence. We aimed to...

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Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions

Antoine Bechara, Daniel Tranel and Hanna Damasio.

in Brain

November 2000; p ublished online November 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 10431 words.

On a gambling task that models real-life decisions, patients with bilateral lesions of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VM) opt for choices that yield high immediate gains in spite of...

The human subthalamic nucleus encodes the subjective value of reward and the cost of effort during decision-making

Alexandre Zénon, Yann Duclos, Romain Carron, Tatiana Witjas, Christelle Baunez, Jean Régis, Jean-Philippe Azulay, Peter Brown and Alexandre Eusebio.

in Brain

June 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9144 words.

Adaptive behaviour entails the capacity to select actions as a function of their energy cost and expected value and the disruption of this faculty is now viewed as a possible cause of the...

PM300. Impaired fronto-insular activation during risky decision making in young adults with internet gaming disorder

in International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

June 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics; Neurology; Psychiatry; Neuroscience. 313 words.

From Time is brain to Physiology is brain: a case for reflection in acute stroke treatment decisions

Smriti Agarwal, Elizabeth A. Warburton and Jean-Claude Baron.

in Brain

July 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 2024 words.

This scientific commentary refers to ‘Perfusion computed tomography to assist decision making for stroke thrombolysis’, by Bivard et al. (doi:10.1093/brain/awv071).

Exploring the neurological substrate of emotional and social intelligence

Reuven Bar‐On, Daniel Tranel, Natalie L. Denburg and Antoine Bechara.

in Brain

August 2003; p ublished online August 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7488 words.

The somatic marker hypothesis posits that deficits in emotional signalling (somatic states) lead to poor judgment in decision‐making, especially in the personal and social realms. Similar to...

Phonological and orthographic components of word recognition. A PET-rCBF study.

J M Rumsey, B Horwitz, B C Donohue, K Nace, J M Maisog and P Andreason.

in Brain

May 1997; p ublished online May 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Pronunciation (of irregular/inconsistent words and of pseudowords) and lexical decision-making tasks were used with 15O PET to examine the neural correlates of phonological and orthographic...

Dynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens

Parashkev Nachev, Fernando Lopez-Sosa, Javier Jesus Gonzalez-Rosa, Ana Galarza, Josue Avecillas, Jose Angel Pineda-Pardo, Juan José Lopez-Ibor, Blanca Reneses, Juan Antonio Barcia and Bryan Strange.

in Brain

December 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 3228 words.

Real-world decisions about reward often involve a complex counterbalance of risk and value. Although the nucleus accumbens has been implicated in the underlying neural substrate, its...

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Magnetoencephalography of frontotemporal dementia: spatiotemporally localized changes during semantic decisions

Laura E. Hughes, Peter J. Nestor, John R. Hodges and James B. Rowe.

in Brain

September 2011; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6033 words.

Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia is a neurodegenerative disorder with dysfunction and atrophy of the frontal lobes leading to changes in personality, behaviour, empathy, social...

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Does gender play a role in functional asymmetry of ventromedial prefrontal cortex?

Daniel Tranel, Hanna Damasio, Natalie L. Denburg and Antoine Bechara.

in Brain

December 2005; p ublished online September 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7307 words.

We found previously in a lesion study that the right-sided sector of the ventromedial prefrontal cortices (VMPCs) was critical for social/emotional functioning and decision-making, whereas...

Cognitive and behavioural deficits associated with the orbitomedial prefrontal cortex in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Sandra L. Meier, Alison J. Charleston and Lynette J. Tippett.

in Brain

November 2010; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 10470 words.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a progressive disease affecting motor neurons, may variably affect cognition and behaviour. We tested the hypothesis that functions associated with...

Towards the routine use of brain imaging to aid the clinical diagnosis of disorders of consciousness

M. R. Coleman, M. H. Davis, J. M. Rodd, T. Robson, A. Ali, A. M. Owen and J. D. Pickard.

in Brain

September 2009; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8005 words.

Clinical audits have highlighted the many challenges and dilemmas faced by clinicians assessing persons with disorders of consciousness (vegetative state and minimally conscious state). The...

Specific cognitive deficits in mild frontal variant frontotemporal dementia

Shibley Rahman, Barbara J. Sahakian, John R. Hodges, Robert D. Rogers and Trevor W. Robbins.

in Brain

August 1999; p ublished online August 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 20040 words.

Eight patients with relatively mild frontal variant frontotemporal dementia (fvFTD) were compared with age- and IQ-matched control volunteers on tests of executive and mnemonic function....

Causal role of prefrontal cortex in the threshold for access to consciousness

A. Del Cul, S. Dehaene, P. Reyes, E. Bravo and A. Slachevsky.

in Brain

September 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6992 words.

What neural mechanisms support our conscious perception of briefly presented stimuli? Some theories of conscious access postulate a key role of top–down amplification loops involving...

The human ventromedial frontal lobe is critical for learning from negative feedback

Elizabeth Z. Wheeler and Lesley K. Fellows.

in Brain

May 2008; p ublished online March 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6783 words.

Are positive and negative feedback weighed in a common balance in the brain, or do they influence behaviour through distinct neural mechanisms? Recent neuroeconomic studies in both human...

Ventromedial prefrontal cortex mediates visual attention during facial emotion recognition

Richard C. Wolf, Carissa L. Philippi, Julian C. Motzkin, Mustafa K. Baskaya and Michael Koenigs.

in Brain

June 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6572 words.

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is known to play a crucial role in regulating human social and emotional behaviour, yet the precise mechanisms by which it subserves this broad function...

Size matters: Increased grey matter in boys with conduct problems and callous–unemotional traits

Stéphane A. De Brito, Andrea Mechelli, Marko Wilke, Kristin R. Laurens, Alice P. Jones, Gareth J. Barker, Sheilagh Hodgins and Essi Viding.

in Brain

April 2009; p ublished online March 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7198 words.

Brain imaging studies of adults with psychopathy have identified structural and functional abnormalities in limbic and prefrontal regions that are involved in emotion recognition,...

Targeting impulsivity in Parkinson’s disease using atomoxetine

Angie A. Kehagia, Charlotte R. Housden, Ralf Regenthal, Roger A. Barker, Ulrich Müller, James Rowe, Barbara J. Sahakian and Trevor W. Robbins.

in Brain

July 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7807 words.

Noradrenergic dysfunction may play a significant role in cognition in Parkinson’s disease due to the early degeneration of the locus coeruleus. Converging evidence from patient and animal...

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