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Human Responses to Change: Modeling Household Decision Making in Western Serengeti

Kathleen A. Galvin, Steven Polasky, Christopher Costello and Martin Loibooki.

in Serengeti III

October 2008; p ublished online February 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. 7045 words.

This chapter has the following objectives: (1) it places the decision making and livelihood strategies of people who live on the west side of Serengeti National Park within a conceptual...

Go to University of Chicago Press »  abstract

Consumer Decision-Making of Older People: A 45-Year Review

Dominik Hettich, Stefan Hattula and Torsten Bornemann.

in The Gerontologist

November 2018; p ublished online March 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Care of the Elderly; Gerontology and Ageing. 13079 words.

Abstract

Background and Objectives

Aging is one of the key future challenges for global life. Of particular...

Love as a Regulative Ideal in Surrogate Decision Making

Erica Lucast Stonestreet.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

October 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 10774 words.

This discussion aims to give a normative theoretical basis for a “best judgment” model of surrogate decision making rooted in a regulative ideal of love. Currently, there are two basic...

The Role of Moral Imagination in Patients’ Decision-Making

Kjetil Rommetveit, Jackie Leach Scully and Rouven Porz.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

April 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 5754 words.

This article reviews recent developments within a number of academic disciplines pointing toward an increasing importance of imagination for understanding morality and cognition. Using...

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Nest value mediates reproductive decision making within termite societies

Katharina Hoffmann, Kevin R. Foster and Judith Korb.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 4956 words.

The influences of costs and benefits on social evolution remain poorly understood, despite their importance for explaining social behavior, and continue to fuel high-profile debates. Here,...

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Rate maximization and hyperbolic discounting in human experiential intertemporal decision making

Maayke Suzanne Seinstra, Manuela Sellitto and Tobias Kalenscher.

Edited by David Stephens.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 9867 words.

Abstract

Decisions between differently timed outcomes are a well-studied topic in as diverse academic disciplines as economics, psychology, and behavioral...

The case for an ecosystem service approach to decision-making: an overview

Joseph Hancock.

in Bioscience Horizons: The International Journal of Student Research

June 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 5848 words.

The Earth's ecosystems supply human society with a stream of services, the sustained delivery of which remains crucial to our health, economic prosperity and personal and national security....

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Paradox, Performance, and the Architecture of Decision-Making in Animals1

LESLIE A. REAL.

in Integrative and Comparative Biology

September 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 0 words.

The analysis of risk-sensitive foraging is beginning to explore the psychological and cognitive mechanisms involved in decision-making under uncertainty as well as the more traditional...

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Innovation, Replicative Behavior, and Evolvability: Contributions from Neuroscience and Human Decision-Making Theory

Daniel O. Larson.

in Innovation in Cultural Systems

October 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 5272 words.

This chapter argues that human cognitive processes and brain functions have evolved from a shared common history of natural selection under varying social and natural pressures. It...

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Narrative Interest Standard: A Novel Approach to Surrogate Decision-Making for People With Dementia

James M Wilkins.

in The Gerontologist

November 2018; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Care of the Elderly; Gerontology and Ageing. 3879 words.

Abstract

Dementia is a common neurodegenerative process that can significantly impair decision-making capacity as the disease progresses. When a person is...

Managing Scientific Uncertainty in Medical Decision Making: The Case of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

J. Michael Martinez.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

February 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8968 words.

This article explores the question of how scientific uncertainty can be managed in medical decision making using the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices as a case study. It...

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Analysis of Key Decision-Making Incidents in the Life of a Nursing Home Resident

Celeste Shawler, Graham D. Rowles and Dallas M. High.

in The Gerontologist

October 2001; p ublished online October 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 9115 words.

Purpose: This study examined change in the decision-making autonomy of a single nursing facility resident. Design and Methods:null...

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Factors Affecting Long-Term-Care Residents' Decision-Making Processes as They Formulate Advance Directives

Heather C. Lambert, Mary Ann McColl, Julie Gilbert, Jiahui Wong, Gale Murray and Samuel E. D. Shortt.

in The Gerontologist

October 2005; p ublished online October 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 5948 words.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe factors contributing to the decision-making processes of elderly persons as they formulate...

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A Family-Oriented Decision-Making Model for Human Research in Mainland China

Deng Rui.

in The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine

August 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Medical Ethics; Bioethics; Public Policy. 8409 words.

This essay argues that individual-oriented informed consent is inadequate to protect human research subjects in mainland China. The practice of family-oriented decision-making is better...

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Experience-dependent flexibility in collective decision making by house-hunting ants

Nathalie Stroeymeyt, Elva J.H. Robinson, Patrick M. Hogan, James A.R. Marshall, Martin Giurfa and Nigel R. Franks.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6647 words.

When making a decision, solitary animals often adjust to local conditions by using flexible evaluation and decision criteria, even though these may occasionally lead to irrationality. By...

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Leaps of Faith: How Implicit Assumptions Compromise the Utility of Ecosystem Models for Decision-making

Edward J. Gregr and Kai M.A. Chan.

in BioScience

January 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Biological Sciences; Environment. 8006 words.

Ecological forecasts are increasingly seen as central to integrated management. However, to use such predictions, decision-makers require some understanding of how likely the forecasts...

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Current Research Findings on End-of-Life Decision Making Among Racially or Ethnically Diverse Groups

Jung Kwak and William E. Haley.

in The Gerontologist

October 2005; p ublished online October 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 6508 words.

Purpose: We reviewed the research literature on racial or ethnic diversity and end-of-life decision making in order to identify key findings and...

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Challenges Associated With Applying Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling for Public Health Decision-Making

Yu-Mei Tan, Rachel R Worley, Jeremy A Leonard and Jeffrey W Fisher.

in Toxicological Sciences

April 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 6496 words.

Abstract

The development and application of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models in chemical toxicology have grown steadily since their...

Micromanaging Death: Process Preferences, Values, and Goals in End-of-Life Medical Decision Making

Nikki Ayers Hawkins, Peter H. Ditto, Joseph H. Danks and William D. Smucker.

in The Gerontologist

February 2005; p ublished online February 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Biological Sciences; Psychology; Gerontology and Ageing. 7189 words.

Purpose: This study examined patients' and surrogates' attitudes about using advance directives to manage end-of-life medical care. It also explored...

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Fishing behavior of factory trawlers: a hierarchical model of information processing and decision-making

Martin W. Dorn.

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Science; Marine and Estuarine Biology. 0 words.

This study presents a model of an individual factory trawler conducting fishing operations off the west coast of North America in the Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) fishery. The model...

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