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difference principle x Social and Political Philosophy x clear all

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Three Forms of Republican Egalitarianism

Alan Thomas.

in Republic of Equals

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Philosophy. 9785 words.

This chapter compares and contrasts three republican strategies for implementing egalitarianism. Cass Sunstein and Frank Michelman’s juridical republicanism, in the case of the United...

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G. A. Cohen’s Neo-Marxist Critique of Rawls

Alan Thomas.

in Republic of Equals

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Philosophy. 12994 words.

This chapter discusses G. A. Cohen’s critique of Rawlsian justice. Cohen’s critique was that John Rawls inadvertently permits special incentives under the difference principle that...

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Identified versus Statistical Lives

Dan W. Brock.

in Identified versus Statistical Lives

August 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 4300 words.

This chapter introduces and briefly evaluates several arguments commonly thought to support the moral importance of the distinction between statistical and identified lives in the context...

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The Principles and the Presumption of Equality

Stefan Gosepath.

in Social Equality

January 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 8587 words.

This chapter advocates the presumption of equality as a possible candidate for a principle to proceed from basic moral premises to a theory of rights and justice. It introduces the...

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Self-Defence, Just War, and a Reasonable Prospect of Success*

Suzanne Uniacke.

in How We Fight

April 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 6313 words.

The Just War principle of jus ad bellum explicitly requires a reasonable prospect of success; the prevailing view about personal self-defence is that it can be justified even if the...

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Berlin and Hume

P. J. E. Kail.

in Isaiah Berlin and the Enlightenment

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 4972 words.

Hume is an interesting figure in Berlin’s thought. In one sense the Scot is emblematic of the ‘Enlightenment’ and at the same time someone whose scepticism figured in the so-called...

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Unequal Income

T. M. Scanlon.

in Why Does Inequality Matter?

January 2018; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 8363 words.

Some of the objections to inequality discussed in previous chapters apply to the recent increase in inequality in the United States and other developed countries. But this does not account...

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Concern, Respect, and Cooperation

Garrett Cullity.

April 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 336 pages.

Three things often recognized as central to morality are concern for others’ welfare, respect for their self-expression, and cooperation in worthwhile collective activity. When philosophers...

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Realism and Anti-Realism

Sven Rosenkranz.

in Philosophy

P ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 12797 words.

The realism/anti-realism divide has its proper place in metaphysics, but it also has important implications for epistemology and for the philosophy of thought and language. Anti-realism is...

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Identity in Physics

Décio Krause and Jonas R. B. Arenhart.

in Philosophy

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6116 words.

Traditionally, the problem of identity is closely associated with the problem of individuality: What is it that makes something being what it is? Approaches to the problem may be classified...

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