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Fisher, James (1697–1775), a founder of the Secession church

David C. Lachman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 813 words.

Fisher, James (1697–1775), a founder of the Secession church, was born on 22 January 1697 in Barr, Ayrshire, the eldest son of Thomas Fisher (1669–1721), the minister of Barr at the time of...

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Coughlan, Laurence (d. 1784), founder of Methodism in Newfoundland

Patrick O'Flaherty.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1194 words.

Coughlan, Laurence (d. 1784), founder of Methodism in Newfoundland, was born in Ireland. His parentage is unknown. By birth a Roman Catholic, he converted to Methodism at Drummersnave,...

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Schaw, William (1549/50–1602), architect and a founder of freemasonry

David Stevenson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Alternative Belief Systems. 670 words.

Schaw, William (1549/50–1602), architect and a founder of freemasonry, was a younger son of John Schaw of Broich, now Arngomery in Stirlingshire. He was probably employed at the Scottish...

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Carlile, Wilson (1847–1942), founder of the Church Army

A. E. Reffold.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Religion. 1433 words.

Carlile, Wilson (1847–1942), founder of the Church Army, was born on 14 January 1847 at Brixton, the eldest of the twelve children of Edward Carlile, a merchant in the City of London, where...

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Clowes, William (1780–1851), a founder of the Primitive Methodist Connexion

G. C. Boase.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 605 words.

Clowes, William (1780–1851), a founder of the Primitive Methodist Connexion, the son of Samuel Clowes, potter, and Ann, daughter of Aaron Wedgwood (a member of the illustrious ceramics...

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Thompson, Samuel (1766–1837), a founder of the Freethinking Christians

Alexander Gordon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 964 words.

Thompson, Samuel (1766–1837), a founder of the Freethinking Christians, born in Aldgate, London, on 7 June 1766, was the son of Samuel King Thompson, victualler, of the Bell, Church Row,...

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Jezreel, James Jershom (1848x51–1885), founder of the Jezreelites

Timothy C. F. Stunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 750 words.

Jezreel, James Jershom (1848x51–1885), founder of the Jezreelites, enlisted in the army on 27 July 1875, at Westminster, as James Rowland White, aged twenty-four, the son of a warehouse...

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Booth, William (1829–1912), founder of the Salvation Army

Frank Prochaska.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 2326 words.

Booth, William (1829–1912), founder of the Salvation Army, was born at Sneinton, a suburb of Nottingham, on 10 April 1829, one of five children of Samuel Booth (1775–1842), a speculative...

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Wardley, Jane (fl. 1747–1770), a founder of the Shakers

Terrie Dopp Aamodt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 673 words.

Wardley, Jane (fl. 1747–1770), a founder of the Shakers, is an elusive figure, as the dates of her birth, marriage, and death, and the names of her parents are unknown. She was a tailor who...

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Shore, James (1805–1874), founder of the Free Church of England

Grayson Carter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 811 words.

Shore, James (1805–1874), founder of the Free Church of England, was born on 31 July 1805 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, the third son of Thomas Shore (c.1776–1833), merchant, of...

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Trevor, John (1855–1930), founder of the Labour church

R. K. Webb.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 944 words.

Trevor, John (1855–1930), founder of the Labour church, was born on 7 October 1855 in Liverpool, the younger child and only son of Frederick Francis Trevor, linen draper, and his wife,...

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Prince, Henry James (1811–1899), founder of the Agapemonites

Timothy C. F. Stunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 937 words.

Prince, Henry James (1811–1899), founder of the Agapemonites, was the youngest son of Thomas Prince (1745–1816), a West Indian plantation owner, formerly of Liverpool, and his wife, Mary...

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Thorne, James (1795–1872), a founder of the Bible Christians

Clive D. Field.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 761 words.

Thorne, James (1795–1872), a founder of the Bible Christians, was born on 21 September 1795 at North Furze Farm, Shebbear, Devon, the third child of John Thorne (1762–1842), farmer, and his...

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Penn, William (1644–1718), Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania

Mary K. Geiter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 8620 words.

Penn, William (1644–1718), Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania, was born in the liberty of the Tower of London on 14 October 1644, the son of Sir William Penn (bap. 1621, d. 1670),...

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Wroe, John (1782–1863), founder of the Christian Israelites

Timothy C. F. Stunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 1515 words.

Wroe, John (1782–1863), founder of the Christian Israelites, was the eldest son of Joseph Roe (or Wroe), who was probably the man who married Susannah Fernley in 1778. John was born in the...

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Ward, John [called Zion Ward] (1781–1837), founder of the Shilohites

Timothy C. F. Stunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 1101 words.

Ward, John [called Zion Ward] (1781–1837), founder of the Shilohites, was born at the Cove of Cork in Ireland on 25 December 1781. Taken by his parents, who were strict Calvinists, to...

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Buchan [née Simpson], Elspeth (c. 1738–1791), founder of the Buchanites

Jill Söderström.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations. 816 words.

Buchan [née Simpson], Elspeth (c. 1738–1791), founder of the Buchanites, was born in Banffshire, the daughter of John Simpson and Margaret Gordon (d. c.1741), who kept an inn at Fitmy-Can,...

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Fox, William (1736–1826), founder of the Sunday School Society

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Religion and Education; Ethical Issues and Debates. 748 words.

Fox, William (1736–1826), founder of the Sunday School Society, was born at Clapton, Gloucestershire, on 14 February 1736, the youngest of the eight children of James Fox (d. 1738/9),...

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Padarn [St Padarn] (fl. 6th cent.), founder of churches

Nerys Ann Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Early Christianity; History of Christianity; Christianity. 472 words.

Padarn [St Padarn] (fl. 6th cent.), founder of churches, is traditionally thought to belong to the sixth century. Along with David and Teilo he was regarded in medieval times as one of the...

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Kelly, Thomas (1769–1855), hymn writer and founder of the Kellyites

Grayson Carter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; Religion; Composition. 789 words.

Kelly, Thomas (1769–1855), hymn writer and founder of the Kellyites, was born at Kellyville, Queen's county, on 13 July 1769, the only son of Thomas (d. 1809), the Rt Hon. Chief Baron Kelly...

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