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Henri Pieron

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

(1881–1964).

Founder of French experimental psychology. He was trained in philosophy and physiology, and became a leader in physiological studies of sensation and perception. He...

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Wilhelm Wundt

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

(1832–1920). German philosopher, physiologist, and psychologist who held chairs of philosophy at Zurich and Leipzig.

He is sometimes taken to be the founder of experimental...

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Freudian slip

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

An unintentional error regarded as revealing subconscious feelings, named after the Austrian neurologist and psychotherapist Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). He was the first to emphasize the...

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Woodworth, Robert Sessions

Andrew S. Winston.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 1364 words.

Woodworth, Robert Sessions (16 October 1869–04 July 1962), psychologist, was born in Belchertown, Massachusetts, the son of William Woodworth, a Congregational minister, and Lydia Sessions,...

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Thouless, Robert Henry (1894–1984), psychologist

Graham Richards.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 695 words.

Thouless, Robert Henry (1894–1984), psychologist, the son of Henry James Thouless, an iron-founder's clerk, and his wife, Bell Maud Bird (née Harper) was born at 48 Grove Avenue, Lakenham,...

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Freud, Anna (1895–1982), psychoanalyst

Clifford Yorke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 2686 words.

Freud, Anna (1895–1982), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1895 at Berggasse 19, Vienna, the third daughter and sixth and youngest child of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), the founder of...

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training analysis

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A course of psychoanalysis undergone by a student wishing to become an analyst. It was made obligatory at the Congress of the International Psycho-Analytical Association in 1922, although...

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Würzburg school

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A school of psychological thought that flourished under the leadership of the Latvian-born German psychologist Oswald Külpe (1862–1915) from 1894 until his death in 1915. Külpe worked in...

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Bingham, Walter Van Dyke

Richard T. von Mayrhauser.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 1509 words.

Bingham, Walter Van Dyke (20 October 1880–07 July 1952), psychologist, was born in Swan Lake City, Iowa, the son of Lemuel Rothwell Bingham, a merchant and mining investor, and Martha...

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What is psychology? How do you study it?

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda.

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychology. 3590 words.

William James, one of the founders of modern psychology, defined it in 1890 as ‘the science of mental life’. It is a science we can all relate to, as everyone has a mental life. ‘What is...

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Carl Stumpf

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

(1848–1936). German psychologist, born in Wiesenfeld and educated in the University of Würzburg, where he was strongly influenced by Franz Brentano. After studying with R. H. Lotze...

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Oliver Zangwill

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

(1913–87). A principal founder of neurospsychology and professor of experimental psychology in the University of Cambridge from 1952 to retirement. Zangwill might be described as the...

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What is psychology? How do you study it?

Gillian Butler and Freda McManus.

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

February 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychology. 3297 words.

William James, one of the founders of modern psychology, defined it in 1890 as ‘the science of mental life’. It is a science we can all relate to, as everyone has a mental life. ‘What is...

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The Oxford Handbook of Music Therapy

Edited by Jane Edwards.

January 2016; p ublished online March 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Psychology. 1008 pages.

Music is acknowledged as an arts medium with a universal and timeless potential to influence our behavior and emotions. As international research about the effects of music on well-being...

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Wolfe, Harry Kirke

Ludy T. Benjamin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 1125 words.

Wolfe, Harry Kirke (10 November 1858–30 July 1918), psychologist, was born in Bloomington, Illinois, the son of Jacob Vance Wolfe, a farmer, lawyer, and land commissioner, and Eliza Ellen...

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sociology of knowledge

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

The study of the social origins of belief systems and (according to its proponents) knowledge. The German political philosophers Karl Marx (1818–83) and Friedrich Engels (1820–95) argued in...

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Barnum effect

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A tendency for people to accept vague, ambiguous, and generalized statements as being accurate descriptions of their own personalities. The effect was first demonstrated empirically in 1949...

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Franz Joseph Gall

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Psychology.

(1758–1828).

German anatomist and founder of phrenology, who was born in Baden and settled in Vienna (1785) as a physician. He was an anatomist of some distinction and the man ...

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Freud: A Very Short Introduction

Anthony Storr.

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: History and Systems in Psychology. 176 pages.

Freud: A Very Short Introduction discusses the life and work of Sigmund Freud. The founder of psychoanalysis, Freud developed a totally new way of looking at human nature. Only...

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Phase 1:

Benyamin Lichtenstein.

in Generative Emergence

July 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social Psychology. 10560 words.

All generative emergence begins when a lead agent (a founder) experiences an opportunity tension, through envisioning a viable entrepreneurial opportunity, which she or he feels passionate...

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