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French and northern Gallo-Romance

John Charles Smith.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 21350 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the External and social history and periodization, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of French...

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The dialects of southern Italy

Adam Ledgeway.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 15490 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of the dialects of southern Italy,...

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Southern Gallo-Romance (Occitan)

Michèle Oliviéri and Patrick Sauzet.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 19229 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of Occitan (including Gascon and other...

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Galician and Portuguese

Francisco Dubert and Charlotte Galves.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 17389 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of Galician and Portuguese (including...

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Auxiliary selection and participial agreement

Michele Loporcaro.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 7396 words.

The main goal of this chapter is to critically address from a comparative perspective some of the most important issues regarding the syntax of Romance auxiliary selection and past...

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From Latin to Romance

Adam Ledgeway.

May 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 416 pages.

This book examines the grammatical changes that took place in the transition from Latin to the Romance languages. The emerging language underwent changes in three fundamental areas...

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The Oxford Gothic Grammar

D. Gary Miller.

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 736 pages.

This reference grammar of Gothic includes much history along with a description of Gothic grammar. Apart from runic inscriptions, Gothic is the earliest attested language of the Germanic...

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A Guide to Old Spanish

Steven N. Dworkin.

July 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 176 pages.

This book describes the linguistic structures that constitute Medieval or Old Spanish as preserved in texts written prior to the beginning of the sixteenth century. It emphasizes those...

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Rules and Schemasin the Development and Use of the English Past Tense

DAN I. SLOBIN.

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

January 2007; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 12570 words.

English verbal morphology is rather restricted, compared to that of a full-fledged inflectional language, since it offers only four inflectional morphemes: the 3s present, the past tense,...

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Romanian, Istro-Romanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Aromanian

Martin Maiden.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 17510 words.

This chapter covers history and major dialects divisions; vowels; consonants; prosody and syllable structure; orthography and writing systems; forms and functions of nouns, pronouns,...

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The grammatical representation of commands and prohibitions in Aguaruna

Simon E. Overall.

in Commands

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 5531 words.

Aguaruna (Chicham) has a clear set of grammatical categories that are required for a verb to form part of an independent clause. These include aspect, tense, person, and mood. The formal...

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Commands in Zenzontepec Chatino (Otomanguean)

Eric W. Campbell.

in Commands

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 4487 words.

This chapter presents Zenzontepec Chatino (Otomanguean, Zapotecan) data from naturally occurring discourse and describes the linguistic resources that speakers draw from to express a wide...

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Imperatives and commands in Quechua

Willem F. H. Adelaar.

in Commands

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 4638 words.

The Quechuan languages of the Central Andes have a dedicated Imperative Mood paradigm featuring personal reference marking for all subject endings except first person. Non-canonical third...

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Developments in Hellenistic-Roman times and the Nonveridicality projection (third century BC to fourth century AD)

Katerina Chatzopoulou.

in Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek

November 2018; p ublished online December 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 11521 words.

This chapter examines sentential negation during the Hellenistic Koine stage of Greek based on non-atticizing texts mainly from the first century BC to the second century AD. Structural...

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The verbal system and alignment in earlier Eastern Aramaic

Eleanor Coghill.

in The Rise and Fall of Ergativity in Aramaic

August 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 8313 words.

Chapter 5 treats the phase of Eastern Aramaic which precedes the modern dialects, namely Late Eastern Aramaic, covering Syriac, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, and Classical Mandaic. After an...

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The Syntax of Old Romanian

Edited by Gabriela Pană Dindelegan.

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 728 pages.

This chapter presents the main characteristics of OR and the deeper structural changes in the passage to MR. Special attention is paid to phenomena such as: restructuring of the...

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Conclusions

Gabriela Pană Dindelagan and Adina Dragomirescu.

in The Syntax of Old Romanian

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 3122 words.

This chapter presents the main characteristics of OR and the deeper structural changes in the passage to MR. Special attention is paid to phenomena such as: restructuring of the...

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Latin word classes and inflectional categories

Harm Pinkster.

in The Oxford Latin Syntax

August 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 13337 words.

This chapter is intended to provide those who are not well acquainted with Latin with an overview of the main Latin word classes and their morphology. It is divided into three sections: (i)...

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The verb and its arguments: the root clause

Rodica Zafiu, Alexandru Nicolae, Dana Niculescu, Gabriela Pană Dindelegan, Irina Nicula Paraschiv, Adina Dragomirescu and Andra Vasilescu.

in The Syntax of Old Romanian

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 44522 words.

This chapter presents the main aspects related to the following problems: syntax of moods and tenses, pronominal clitics (position of clitics in the clause, clitic climbing structures,...

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-subjunctives: Another version of the Balkan subjunctive

Virginia Hill and Gabriela Alboiu.

in Verb Movement and Clause Structure in Old Romanian

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 9551 words.

In Old Romanian, the conditional complementizer/operator was reanalysed as an irrealis marker in Fin, and then dissociated from the clause typing operators and from conditional verb...

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