in Annals of Botany
P ublished online September 2006 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6156 words.
• Background and Aims Anoxia leads to an energy crisis, tolerance of which varies from plant to plant. Although the apoplast represents an important storage and reaction space, and engages...
in Cardiovascular Research
May 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 7944 words.
In the heart, Ca2+ influx via CaV1.2 L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) is a multi-functional signal that triggers muscle contraction, controls action potential duration, and regulates gene...
in Jasper's Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies
July 2012; p ublished online April 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 4918 words.
The ionotropic glutamate receptors are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate the vast majority of excitatory neurotransmission in the brain. The past 20 years have been a golden age for...
in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science
P ublished online April 2017 .
Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology; Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science). 18587 words.
Humans have understood the importance of climate to human health since ancient times. In some cases, the connections appear to be obvious: a flood can cause drownings, a drought can lead to...
in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science
P ublished online June 2017 .
Article. Subjects: Environmental Economics. 5006 words.
The world’s forest cover is approximately 4 billion hectares (10 billion acres). Of this total, approximately one-half is temperate forests. These range from the subtropics to roughly 65...
in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History
P ublished online July 2018 .
Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Environmental History; History of Science and Technology. 12885 words.
The onset of Spanish imperial rule in Mexico in 1521 had profound consequences well beyond the political and cultural spheres. It also altered Mexico’s environment, reconstituting the...
in Chinese Journal of International Law
September 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .
Journal Article. Subjects: International Law. 4117 words.
After reviewing the evolution of international disaster relief law in China, as against the international disaster response law at the global level, the present author makes proposals for...
United States - Restrictions on Imports of Cotton and Man made Fibre Underwear, Costa Rica v United States, Appellate Body report, WT/DS24/AB/R, Report No AB-1996-3, ITL 114 (WTO 1997), DSR 1997:I, 11, 10th February 1997, World Trade Organisation [WTO]; Appellate Body
Legal Material. Subjects: International Economic Law; Public International Law; International Law; Law. 11722 words.
Whether silence on the retroactive application of measures in a World Trade Organization Agreement superseding a treaty expressly allowing for retroactive application of those measures...
in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business
December 2011; p ublished online November 2011 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 6384 words.
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a critical part of the global effort to address climate change as CCS has the potential to achieve deep cuts in CO2 emissions to atmosphere from the use...
in Constitutional Democracy in Crisis?
October 2018 .
Chapter. Subjects: Law. 16 pages. 6616 words.
in Human Rights Law Review
September 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 4327 words.
in Capital Markets Law Journal
July 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Financial Regulation; Capital Markets; Derivatives. 7096 words.
in Chinese Journal of International Law
June 2005; p ublished online June 2005 .
Journal Article. Subjects: International Law. 12353 words.
The several Jewish communities discussed are those in Kaifeng and in Shanghai. The presence of the earlier and the later settlers raises several questions. How did the Kaifeng Jews retain...
in International Journal of Transitional Justice
November 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; Public International Law; Human Rights. 10563 words.
Natural disasters are often characterized by gross human rights violations, yet these injustices are rarely acknowledged and addressed...
Reference Entry. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 5816 words.
in Journal of Human Rights Practice
July 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Ethical Issues and Debates; Human Rights and Immigration; Human Rights; Politics; Social Movements and Social Change. 5383 words.
Entering ‘the field’ can be a daunting, demanding and at times bewildering experience, with researchers negotiating a myriad of assumptions, expectations and motivations. Whilst early...
in Journal of International Criminal Justice
July 2010; p ublished online July 2010 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law. 6561 words.
Combating white-collar crime appears on the agenda of any legislator. Since major commercial enterprises now operate transnationally, the efforts to prosecute and punish business crimes are...
in Legal and Conduct Risk in the Financial Markets
March 2018 .
Chapter. Subjects: Law. 16 pages. 6875 words.
In response to the issues that came to light as a result of the financial crises, the Parliamentary Commission on Banking Standards called for the establishment of a professional body to...
in European Journal of International Law
November 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 8914 words.
Today mostly forgotten, André Mandelstam (1869–1949) was a pioneer of the human rights movement in the interwar period. Originally a diplomat in the service of the Russian Empire, he went...
The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: An Ex Ante Assessment of its Effectiveness in Light of the Drafting Process
in Human Rights Law Review
June 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 15066 words.
In this article it is submitted that the text of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as finally adopted on 10 December 2008, is to...