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vernalization

Edited by Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Plant Sciences

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry; Plant Physiology. 114 words.

The treatment of *germinating seeds with low temperatures to induce flowering at a particular preferred time. For example, winter varieties of wheat can be sown in the spring and then be...

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vernal

Edited by Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Plant Sciences

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry; Plant Physiology. 36 words.

In the late spring. The term is used with reference to the 6-part division of the year used by some ecologists, especially in relation to studies of terrestrial or freshwater communities....

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vernal

Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Zoology

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences. 35 words.

In the late spring. The term is used with reference to the six-part division of the year used by ecologists,

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vernal

Edited by Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Zoology

January 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences. 35 words.

In the late spring. The term is used with reference to the six-part division of the year used by ecologists,

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vernal

in New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary

January 2012; p ublished online May 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 272 words.

annal, channel, flannel, impanel, multichannel, panel • cracknel • grapnel, shrapnel • carnal • antennal, crenel,

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vernalize

in New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary

January 2012; p ublished online May 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 161 words.

• underutilize • tranquillize (US tranquilize) • spiritualize • capsulize • memorialize • imperialize • bestialize • dialyse •

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vernalize

in Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 157 words.

• underutilize • tranquillize (US tranquilize) • spiritualize • capsulize • memorialize • imperialize • bestialize • dialyse •

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vernal

in Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 271 words.

annal, channel, flannel, impanel, multichannel, panel • cracknel • grapnel, shrapnel • carnal • antennal, crenel,

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vernal

Edited by T. F. Hoad.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

January 1996; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 35 words.

pert. to the spring. XVI. — L. vernālis, f. vernus of the spring, f. vēr spring; see -AL

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Vernals

Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates and Peter McClure.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

November 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 30 words.

Current frequencies: GB 52, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 23 • Main GB location 1881: Worcs and Herefs

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Vernal

Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates and Peter McClure.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

November 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 28 words.

Current frequencies: GB 122, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 94 • Main GB location 1881: Renfrews

English:

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Vernalization-mediated chromatin changes

Brett R. Zografos and Sibum Sung.

in Journal of Experimental Botany

July 2012; p ublished online June 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry. 4813 words.

Proper flowering time is vital for reproductive fitness in flowering plants. In Arabidopsis, vernalization is mediated primarily through the repression of a MADS box transcription factor,...

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Reanalysis of Vernalization Data of Wheat and Carrot

WEIKAI YAN and L. A. HUNT.

in Annals of Botany

November 1999; p ublished online November 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 4 words.

Vernalization is an important determinant of the growth, development, and yield of biennial and perennial crops. Accurate simulation of its response to temperature is thus an important...

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Integration of Photoperiodic Timing and Vernalization in Arabidopsis

Scott D. Michaels.

in Photoperiodism

December 2009; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences. 12291 words.

This chapter discusses how photoperiod and vernalization pathways contribute to the coordination of flowering in Arabidopsis with seasonal changes in day length and temperature. FRI-contain...

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Histone Acetylation, VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3, FLOWERING LOCUS C, and the Vernalization Response

Donna M. Bond, Elizabeth S. Dennis, Barry J. Pogson and E. Jean Finnegan.

in Molecular Plant

July 2009; p ublished online April 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Molecular and Cell Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 7892 words.

The quantitative induction of VIN3 by low temperatures is required for PRC2 repression of FLC and promotion of flowering (vernalization) in Arabidopsis. Histone acetylation, a chromatin...

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vernal conjunctivitis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

*conjunctivitis of allergic origin, often associated with hay fever or other forms of atopy.

See overview in Oxford Index

vernal equinox

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Environmental Science.

The equinox at which the sun approaches the northern hemisphere and passes directly over the equator, which occurs around 20 March. Contrast autumnal equinox.

See overview in Oxford Index

vernal equinox

Edited by Ian Ridpath.

in A Dictionary of Astronomy

P ublished online February 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Astronomical Instrumentation, Methods, and Techniques; Galaxies. 88 words.

The point on the celestial sphere at which the Sun passes from south to north of the celestial equator each year. It is also known as the ...

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vernal equinox

Ian Ridpath.

in A Dictionary of Astronomy

January 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 83 words.

(♈) The point on the celestial sphere at which the Sun passes from south to north of the celestial equator

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vernal equinox

Chris Park and Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation

January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Conservation of the Environment (Environmental Science). 42 words.

The *equinox at which the sun crosses the equator, entering the hemisphere where it will then be spring. This

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