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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

A submicroscopic particle of RNA or DNA, coated with protein and capable of self-replication within the cells of an organism, where its effects are often pathogenic. [From Latin virus venom]

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virus

Miquel Porta.

Edited by John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Public Health and Epidemiology. 64 words.

Small living organism, size 20 to 400 nm, visible only by electron microscopic analysis, consisting mainly of DNA and RNA. Viruses are ubiquitous and infect animals (including humans),...

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virus

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 66 words.

A member of a group of minute infectious agents that have a relatively simple structure and can reproduce only within living cells. Viruses consist of genetic material (either DNA or RNA)...

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oncogenic virus

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

A virus that can transform the cells it infects so that they proliferate in an uncontrolled fashion. See Chronology, 1910, Rous; 1981, Parker et al.; 1983, Doolittle et al.; Abelson mouse...

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latent virus

Elizabeth Martin and Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 48 words.

Any virus that remains in its host organism without undergoing replication. Latent viruses, which include herpes simplex virus (the agent

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satellite virus

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 61 words.

a small virus that occurs in association with another virus, upon which it is dependent. Satellite tobacco mosaic virus (

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Lucké virus

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

A virus causing renal cancer in frogs.

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lysogenic virus

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Genetics and Genomics.

A virus that can become a prophage.

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helper virus

John Lackie.

in A Dictionary of Biomedicine

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Clinical Medicine. 29 words.

A virus that permits a defective virus to replicate if there is coinfection. The intact helper virus produces a protein that is deficient in the defective virus....

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Lucké virus

Robert C. King, William D. Stansfield and Pamela K. Mulligan.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 9 words.

a virus causing renal cancer in frogs.

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lysogenic virus

Robert C. King, William D. Stansfield and Pamela K. Mulligan.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 9 words.

a virus that can become a prophage.

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Lucké virus

Robert C. King, Pamela K. Mulligan and William D. Stansfield.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 9 words.

a virus causing renal cancer in frogs.

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lysogenic virus

Robert C. King, Pamela K. Mulligan and William D. Stansfield.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 9 words.

a virus that can become a prophage.

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lysogenic virus

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 9 words.

any virus capable of becoming a prophage.

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mosaic virus

Will Manley, Katharine Foot and Andrew Davis.

in A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Sciences; Agriculture and Farming. 66 words.

One of a range of virus diseases of plants. Examples include tobacco mosaic virus and cucumber mosaic virus. Some can attack ...

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hepatitis viruses

John Lackie.

in A Dictionary of Biomedicine

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Clinical Medicine. 302 words.

A disparate group of viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A virus is a small (27 nm diameter) single-stranded RNA virus with some resemblance to ...

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virus detection

Edited by Andrew Butterfield, Gerard Ekembe Ngondi and Anne Kerr.

in A Dictionary of Computer Science

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Computing. 87 words.

The systematic pursuit of *viruses. Techniques of virus detection may be either specific, checking for a set of known viruses, or ...

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sigma virus

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

A virus that confers CO2 sensitivity upon Drosophila melanogaster.

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simian virus

Robert C. King, William D. Stansfield and Pamela K. Mulligan.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 12 words.

any of a group of viruses that attack nonhuman primates.

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