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Messene

Arthur Maurice Woodward, Robert J. Hopper and Antony Spawforth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography. 255 words.

Messene (Μεσσήνη Mod. Mavromati), *polis founded in 369 bce by *Epaminondas as part of a Theban strategy (see Thebes(1)) to contain Sparta; named after the eponymous heroine (LIMC ‘Messene’),...

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dēmiourgoi

Frank William Walbank and P. J. Rhodes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economic History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 259 words.

Dēmiourgoi, ‘public workers’, are in *Homer such independent craftsmen as metalworkers, potters, and masons, and also seers, doctors, bards, and heralds. *Plato (1) and *Xenophon (1) use the word...

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Fulvius Nobilior, Marcus

John Briscoe.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History. 273 words.

Marcus Fulvius Nobilior, as praetor 193 and proconsul 192 bce in Further Spain, won a number of victories. Consul in 189, he conducted the siege of *Ambracia, eventually forcing the Aetolian...

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Cleomenes III

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Agiad king of Sparta (reigned c.235–222bc). The son of Leonidas, he imbibed ideals of social revolution from his wife Agiatis, widow of his father's opponent Agis IV. Before implementing...

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battles of Mantinea

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

The three battles of Mantinea (in eastern Arcadia), fought in 418, 362, and 207 bc, exemplify the main stages of Greek warfare. The first, fought between the Spartans and a coalition mainly...

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Quinctius Flamininus, Titus

Ernst Badian.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History. 973 words.

Titus Quinctius Flamininus, brother of Lucius Quinctius Flamininus. Born c.229 bce, military tribune 208 under *M. Claudius Marcellus (1), then quaestor, probably at *Tarentum, where he held...

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Antigonus Gonatas

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(c.320–239bc),

king of Macedonia (c.277/6–239bc), son of Demetrius the Besieger and Phila; the meaning of the nickname Gonatas is unknown. He served under his father in Greece in...

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Attalus I

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(269–197bc),

ruler of Pergamum (241–197), the first Pergamene to use the royal title. Cousin and adopted son of Eumenes I, Attalus expanded and consolidated his kingdom through...

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Metellus Macedonicus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Son of Quintus Caecilius Metellus, fought under Paullus and was on an embassy sent to announce the victory of Pydna to the senate. He was probably tribune in the late 150s bc, setting up a...

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Titus Quinctius Flamininus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Brother of Lucius Flamininus (consul 192 bc). Born c.229 bc, military tribune 208 under Marcellus, then quaestor, probably at Tarentum, where he held praetorian imperium (supreme military...

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