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David Rittenhouse

Overview page. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945).

(1732–1796), American instrument-maker, astronomer, and second president of the American Philosophical Society (1791–1796). Rittenhouse, “second to no astronomer living,” in Thomas...

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East Baltimore Mental Improvement Society

Miss Hale Joseph.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 662 words.

During the nineteenth century, the landscape of early America flourished with service organizations committed to providing a myriad of social, economic, religious, and educational...

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Deniz Ertan.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online May 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Music and Religion; Romantic Music. 548 words.

Generally defined as a religion-philosophy-science, founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (b Russia [now Ukraine], 1831; d 1891). Blavatsky first came to the United States on 7 July...

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Missions and Missiology from the 1760s

Bob Tennant.

in Corporate Holiness

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Christianity. 18969 words.

This chapter surveys the missiology and administration of the SPG in the second half of the eighteenth century. It identifies Joseph Butler as the chief philosophical source of the...

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Pragmatism and Government Regulation

Sidney A. Shapiro and Joseph P. Tomain.

in Achieving Democracy

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law. 6382 words.

Chapter 1 opens Part I of the book and explains the relationship among these ideas. The goal of the chapter is to show that an active government contributes to a democratic society. The...

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Indigenous Metaphors and the Philosophy of History in Cooper’s Leatherstocking Tales

Sarah Rivett.

in Unscripted America

October 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Studies (1500 to 1800). 13725 words.

Chapter 8 explores how a fascination with a “native language” emerged in literary circles through a simultaneous indebtedness to traditional British prose and verse forms, and...

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Doubting Transformable Race: Equiano, Brackenridge, and the Textuality of Natural History

Katy L. Chiles.

in Transformable Race

January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Studies (1500 to 1800). 26855 words.

Chapter 4 discusses how Olaudah Equiano’s Interesting Narrative and Hugh Henry Brackenridge’s Modern Chivalry question the limits of what some saw as the beneficial aspects of transformable...

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Lincoln: A Very Short Introduction

Allen C. Guelzo.

February 2009; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: US Politics. 160 pages.

Lincoln: A Very Short Introduction explores the problems that confronted Lincoln and liberal democracy — equality, opportunity, the rule of law, slavery, freedom, and...

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Shame and Shaming in Premodern Societies

Peter N. Stearns.

in Shame

September 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology. 16728 words.

This chapter stresses the ubiquity of shame and shaming in premodern societies, with illustrations ranging from philosophical considerations (Confucius, the Greeks) to social rituals like...

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Reform and Revolution

Neil McArthur.

in The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century

October 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy. 10307 words.

In the century following the Glorious Revolution, there was much philosophical debate about the principles according to which society could be reformed, or its ruling structure changed...

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Introduction. Writing the Cold War

Sorin Radu Cucu.

in The Underside of Politics

June 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literature. 15586 words.

This introductory chapter begins by exploring the reasons for considering the Cold War as ripe rhetorical terrain for analyzing the art of philosophical and literary writing that engaged...

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Harmonization of contract law in Latin America: past and present initiatives

Rodrigo Momberg.

in Uniform Law Review

August 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Comparative Law; Private International Law and Conflict of Laws. 8646 words.

This article provides a description of the past and current initiatives on the harmonization of contract law in Latin America. Private international law instruments of unification are...

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Achille Murat

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1801–47), son of Joachim Murat, king of Naples (1808–15), and Caroline, a sister of Napoleon I, emigrated to the U.S. in 1823, where he settled in Florida and married an American woman....

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Non‐Negotiable Demands: Metaphysics, Politics, and the Discourse of Needs

Naomi Scheman.

in Future Pasts

September 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 13202 words.

Scheman discusses the history of analytic philosophy in America juxtaposing Cora Diamond’s Wittgensteinian critique of metaphysics (or of philosophical “requirements”) with Nancy Fraser’s...

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The Future of American Philosophy

Peter Hare.

in Pragmatism with Purpose

May 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 3938 words.

This chapter examines the future of American philosophy: where it is headed, what challenges it faces, and what strategies from our past appear to be the most promising for solving modern...

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Civic Republic and Liberal Democracy

in Public Pulpits

March 2008; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 13221 words.

Moral meaning and practice unfolds within the peculiar yet essential ambiguity of the polity in America, both as a cultural constellation of shared meanings and a social order of...

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Alexander Garden: A Linnaean in South Carolina and Captain Baker’s Eels

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino.

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes

August 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 9947 words.

The previous chapter showed the first of the important North American contributions to the electric fish story, specifically a series of experiments conducted by members of the American...

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Undemocratic Vistas

Martha C. Nussbaum.

in Philosophical Interventions

March 2012; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy. 7992 words.

This chapter reviews the book The Closing of the American Mind: How Higher Education Has Failed Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today's Students (1987), by Allan Bloom. Central to...

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Prodigal Nation

Andrew R. Murphy.

October 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Book. Subjects: Religious Studies. 336 pages.

This book traces the emergence and development of the American jeremiad, a form of political rhetoric that laments the nation's decline from a virtuous past and calls it to repentance and...

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