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Brazil

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Muslims in Brazil are descendants of African slaves and of emigrants from Ottoman Syria and Lebanon. The majority of Muslims in Brazil today are descendants of Sunni Muslims who left...

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Brazil

Zeila de Brito Fabri Demartini.

in Immigration Worldwide

December 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. 10162 words.

The paper deals with the phenomenon of immigration in Brazil, in the 19th and 20th centuries, explaining the factors that had favored that as well as the positioning of the Brazilian state...

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Brazil

John M. Monteiro.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online August 2011 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 13902 words.

In the early 21st century, one of the world’s largest nations, Brazil, owes its existence to a history that is intimately connected to the ebb and flow of the Atlantic. In 1500 the Atlantic...

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Brazil

John M. Monteiro.

in Atlantic History

P ublished online August 2011 .

Article. Subjects: History of the Americas; European History; African History; History; Regional and National History. 13902 words.

In the early 21st century, one of the world’s largest nations, Brazil, owes its existence to a history that is intimately connected to the ebb and flow of the Atlantic. In 1500 the Atlantic...

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Brazil

Guillermo Cruces, Gary S. Fields, David Jaume and Mariana Viollaz.

in Growth, Employment, and Poverty in Latin America

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 6765 words.

During the 2000s, Brazil experienced slow economic growth and a substantial improvement in labour market indicators. From 2001 to 2012, Brazil grew less than the Latin American average....

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Brazil

Overview page. Subjects: Shakespeare Studies and Criticism.

In the theatre, Shakespearian plays were first produced in Brazil early in the 19th century (just before independence, 1822), after King John VI had the São João Royal Theatre built ...

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Brazil

Edited by Anne Kerr and Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 931 words.

The largest country in South America. Brazil borders ten countries, has a coastline 7400 km (4600 miles) long, and straddles the equator from latitude 4° N to past latitude 33° S....

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Brazil

Mohammed Bashir Salau.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1037 words.

Compared with other countries in the Americas, Brazil has the largest number of people of African descent. This demographic reality dates back to the era of the slave trade, and it...

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Brazil

Michèle Lamont, Graziella Moraes Silva, Jessica S. Welburn, Joshua Guetzkow, Nissim Mizrachi, Hanna Herzog and Elisa Reis.

in Getting Respect

November 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Race and Ethnicity. 31860 words.

This chapter examines the experiences and responses of Black Brazilians in Rio de Janeiro to stigmatization and discrimination. It first provides background information to place the...

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Brazil

Suzel Ana Reily.

in Music

P ublished online June 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Music; Applied Music; Ethnomusicology; Music Theory and Analysis; Musicology and Music History; Music Education and Pedagogy. 12058 words.

Brazil is commonly represented as a land of music. Indeed, the soundscapes of this vast country are rich and enticing, highlighting, among other things, the diversity in the nation’s...

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Brazil

Claudio Simon Hutz, Gustavo Gauer and William Barbosa Gomes.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology. 12499 words.

This chapter provides a broad overview of the history of psychology in Brazil from the first notions of psychological though in the country´s colonial period through the inception of...

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Brazil

Stephen Kosack.

in The Education of Nations

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics. 30847 words.

Brazil provides an additional test of the regime-type argument—it has changed regime type three times since 1930. But only one of these—the 1964 shift to autocracy—predicted a change in...

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Brazil

Andrew Boutros.

in From Baksheesh to Bribery

May 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Company and Commercial Law; Criminal Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 6101 words.

In recent years, Brazil has become a major player in anti-corruption investigations and enforcement worldwide. The adoption of the Clean Company Act in 2013 signified a new chapter in...

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Brazil

Renato G. Flores.

in International Development

February 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 8254 words.

Brazil offers an interesting case study of economic growth which combines both textbook and unorthodox policies. Eighty years of Brazilian history are described in three periods: the first...

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Brazil

Luigi Manzetti.

in Privatization South American Style

November 1999; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 31991 words.

This chapter discusses the progress of privatization in Brazil, from its slow start in the early 1990s to its rapid development in 1998. Under presidents Collor and Franco, privatization...

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Brazil

Robert W. Slenes.

in The Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas

July 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: History; History of the Americas; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 11568 words.

This article reviews scholarship on the history and historiography of slavery in Brazil. Brazil possessed a more varied slave economy with a much larger sector producing for the internal...

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Brazil

Aaron Myers.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 6166 words.

With a total area of 8,547,404 sq km (3,300,171 sq mi), Brazil shares a border with French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, and Venezuela to the north; with Colombia and Peru to the west; and...

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Brazil

Alisdair Rogers, Noel Castree and Rob Kitchin.

in A Dictionary of Human Geography

January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Human Geography. 169 words.

A South American country that is the world’s fifth largest by land area and population. Brazil was part of the so-called New World that Spanish and Portuguese explorers colonized from the...

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Brazil.

Overview page. Subjects: Dance.

Although there were visits by European dancers in the 19th century, ballet in Brazil did not become professionally active until 1927 when the former Pavlova dancer, Maria Oleneva, was...

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Brazil

Stuart Schwartz.

in A Historical Guide to World Slavery

January 1998 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 3247 words.

Of all the colonies and nations of the Americas, none was influenced by slavery more profoundly or for a longer period of time than was Brazil. From the mid-sixteenth century until the...

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