in Martyrs' Mirror
October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: Christianity. 11739 words.
Chapter 6 asks how, in the context of King Philip's (or Metacom's) War, martyrdom rhetoric contributed to the reformulation of colonial and Native American identities. Colonists saw...
in Team 19 in Vietnam
September 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .
Chapter. Subjects: Military History. 5963 words.
The chapter follows on from the Khe Sanh experience, which caused the military leadership on each side of the conflict to review their respective situations and to decide on some conceptual...
in Bluecoats and Tar Heels
January 2009; p ublished online September 2011 .
Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 9573 words.
After the surrender at the Bennett farm, the role of the U.S. Army shifted from conqueror to peacekeeper. The white North Carolinians became hopeless and disoriented after the defeat and...
in Britain, Switzerland, and the Second World War
May 2003; p ublished online January 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 6371 words.
This concluding chapter evaluates the relative success of British policy towards Switzerland between 1939 and 1945. It explains how British policy-makers justified their benevolent attitude...
in Honest Patriots
March 2005; p ublished online September 2006 .
Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 10304 words.
This chapter celebrates public occasions and measures in recent years where the American government and citizens’ groups acknowledged national “misdeeds” in international relations,...
in The Battle of Britain on Screen
May 2007; p ublished online March 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: Film. 9989 words.
As far back as the early 1950s, it had become evident that Air Ministry claims concerning the number of enemy aircraft shot down had, in fact, been greatly exaggerated. It was also becoming...
in The Crimean War and Irish Society
June 2016; p ublished online January 2019 .
Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 12779 words.
This chapter will highlight how the various Christian denominations in Ireland reacted to the Crimean War, and how, unlike the Indian Mutiny and Boer War, it stimulated a substantial,...
in Cross-Domain Deterrence
April 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .
Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 8647 words.
Classical deterrence concepts were developed to prevent nuclear war, for obvious reasons, and thus tend to focus on high-stakes crisis bargaining, or “chicken” games, to both threaten and...
John Bas v Tingy, Appeal judgment, 4 US 37 (1800), ILDC 1982 (US 1800), 15th August 1800, Supreme Court [U.S.]
Legal Material. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 5197 words.
Whether limited hostilities between two states amounted to a ‘war’ and entitled the states to treat the citizens of the opposing state as enemies.
in The Strategy Bridge
September 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 15837 words.
Strategy, like war broadly and warfare narrowly, has no intrinsic value. Strategy has worth only for its product, which is strategic effect. This is the master concept that explains the...
February 1996; p ublished online October 2011 .
Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 7089 words.
Winston Churchill's long career in politics coincided almost precisely with the first sixty-five years of the existence of the Labour Party. His supposed role in the Tonypandy riots in...
in Fixing the Facts
July 2011; p ublished online August 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 18249 words.
This chapter examines the Johnson administration's strategy in Vietnam. Lyndon Johnson was a longtime believer in the domino theory. He feared that friendly states would fall to communism...
in For Brotherhood and Duty
March 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .
Chapter. Subjects: Military History. 4863 words.
From May to July, 1864, several members of the class participated in the Overland campaign and the siege of Petersburg with the Army of the Potomac. George Gillespie’s actions at Bethesda...
in The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War
February 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .
Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 25508 words.
The year 1944 represented, in a sense, the high-point of the autonomous Bosnian Partisan movement, before the Soviet liberation of Serbia, the Supreme Staff’s triumphal entry into Belgrade,...
Reference Entry. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 5614 words.
in European Journal of International Law
August 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 3357 words.
This article examines two issues raised by Professor Goodman’s article published in this volume of EJIL: (1) a purported obligation under international humanitarian law (IHL)...
in Military History
P ublished online February 2013 .
Article. Subjects: Military History; Pre-20th Century Warfare; First World War; Second World War; Post-WW2 Military History. 10731 words.
According to international law, a territory is under occupation when hostile armed forces assume authority over it. An occupying power exercises executive, legislative, and judicial...