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Walt Disney

Brenda Ayres.

in Childhood Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Development Studies. 31287 words.

Walt Disney was born in Chicago on 5 December 1901, the youngest of four sons, with a sister to follow. In 1906 the family relocated to a forty-acre farm in Marceline, Missouri. Disney’s...

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Mercer, Mabel Alice

Cecily Jones.

in Oxford Companion to Black British History

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 377 words.

Legendary cabaret singer. Mercer was born in Staffordshire, the daughter of Mabel LaBlanche , a white English–Welsh music hall performer, and a black American jazz musician whom she...

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Sidney Poitier

Arthur Knight.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 7279 words.

Sidney Poitier (b. 1927) was the first African American to be, inarguably, a movie star and, beyond that, an “institution” of Hollywood film and American culture. Poitier’s stature is such...

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Young, Andrew

Elizabeth Heath.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 519 words.

Born and raised in an affluent African American family in New Orleans, Louisiana, Andrew Young had opportunities as a child that were available to few blacks in the South, including an...

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Price, Leontyne

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 548 words.

Leontyne Price was the first African American lyric soprano to receive international recognition as an operatic diva. She was especially known for performing the title role of a slave in...

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Franklin, John Hope

Lawrie Balfour.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 641 words.

In June 1997, when President Bill Clinton assembled a seven-member panel to advise him about racial strife in the United States, he chose John Hope Franklin as its chair. This was not...

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Height, Dorothy

Stephanie Y. Evans.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 670 words.

community activist. Dorothy Irene Height was born in Richmond, Virginia. Her mother, Fannie Burroughs Height, was a nurse, and her father, James Edward Height, was a building contractor....

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Reagon, Bernice Johnson

Sowande' Mustakeem.

in Black Women in America, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 911 words.

Undoubtedly one of the few professors of history to have a second career as a singer-songwriter, Bernice Johnson Reagon continues to focus her work on sharing the historical legacy of...

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Jordan, Barbara

Niambi Lee-Kong.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 706 words.

lawyer, politician, and educator. Barbara Jordan, a woman of many political firsts, is best known as the first African American woman from a southern state to serve in the United States...

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Young, Whitney

Rashauna R. Johnson.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 814 words.

social worker and president of the National Urban League whose negotiation and fundraising efforts garnered millions of dollars in support of civil rights and urban empowerment...

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Higginbotham, A. Leon, Jr.

Edward L. Lach.

in African American National Biography

January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1172 words.

jurist and civil rights leader, was born Aloysius Leon Higginbotham in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Aloysius Leon Higginbotham Sr., a laborer, and Emma Lee Douglass, a domestic...

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Edelman, Marian Wright

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 670 words.

Edelman was born Marian Wright, the youngest of Arthur and Maggie Wright's five children. When blacks in her hometown of Bennettsville, South Carolina, were forbidden to enter city...

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King, Riley B. (“B. B.”)

Eric Bennett.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 623 words.

Riley B. “B. B.” King has served as the prime ambassador of American Blues. Although others may exceed his talent, King has done more than anyone else to popularize the genre. After...

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Morrison, Toni

Kristine Yohe.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Literary Studies (American). 19163 words.

Born in 1931 in Lorain, Ohio, as Chloe Ardelia Wofford, the woman who is now Toni Morrison has experienced a life of great depth, length, and breadth—ranging from working as a housekeeper...

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Edelman, Marian Wright

Julie Gallagher.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 605 words.

lawyer, activist, and children's advocate. Marian Wright was born in Bennettsville, South Carolina, to Arthur Jerome Wright, a Baptist preacher, and Maggie Leola Bowen Wright. Raised...

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Blake, James Hubert (“Eubie”)

Robert Fay.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 561 words.

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, James Herbert “Eubie” Blake was the son of John Sumner Black and Emily Johnston Black, both former slaves. Having taken organ lessons when he was six, Blake...

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Farmer, James Leonard (1920 - 1999), Organization Founder / Official, Civil Rights Activist, Educator

Gail K Beil.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1466 words.

founder of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and father of the Freedom Rides. James Leonard Farmer Jr. was born in Marshall, Texas. At the time his father, Texas's first African...

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Robinson, Frank

Sean E. Malone.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 695 words.

professional baseball player elected to the Hall of Fame in 1982 and the first African American manager in major league history. Born in Beaumont, Texas, to Ruth Shaw and his namesake...

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King, B. B. (born 1925), Blues Musician / Singer, Guitarist

Ben Wynne.

in Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century

January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 532 words.

one of the greatest blues performers in the history of American popular music. Born Riley B. King in Itta Bena, Mississippi, King lived much of his early life on a cotton plantation...

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Bailey, Pearl

Lisa Clayton Robinson.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 540 words.

Pearl Bailey was born in Newport News, Virginia, but soon moved to Washington, D.C. and later to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her stage-singing debut came when she was fifteen years old....

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