Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 41-60 of 124 items for:

community x Archaeology by Region x clear all

Cities and Urbanism in Prehispanic Mesoamerica

Richard E. Blanton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

September 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 6902 words.

Cities became an important and endurable characteristic of Mesoamerican civilization after 500 bc . This aspect of the Mesoamerican past was not widely recognized until the 1960s and 1970s...

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Regional Hunter-Gatherer Research Traditions

Ian Keen.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

April 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 6741 words.

This article traces the development of the anthropology of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people from the early nineteenth century to the present. Approaches to ethnography and...

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The Rise of Formative-Period Complex Societies in the Northern Maya Lowlands

Travis W. Stanton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

September 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 6110 words.

This article reviews archaeological evidence on the development of Formative-period communities in the northern Maya lowlands. The earliest data available for a Maya occupation of the...

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Upper Palaeolithic Hunter-Gatherers in Western Asia

Ofer Bar-Yosef.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

April 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 13961 words.

A mosaic of habitats ecologically characterizes western Asia. These were formed and changed due to topographic variability as well as seasonal fluctuations of temperatures and...

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Humans and Gods in the Mexica Universe

Guilhem Olivier.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs

January 2017; p ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Archaeology. 4555 words.

The Mexica developed a highly sophisticated religious system characterized by a large pantheon and numerous myths and rituals. Calendars and architecture expressed concepts of time and...

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The Structure of Aztec Commerce

Kenneth Hirth and Deborah L. Nichols.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs

January 2017; p ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Industrial Archaeology. 7191 words.

This chapter discusses the nature of commerce in Aztec society. It examines the role of merchants, crafts persons, and the marketplace in the structure of Aztec economy. The community of...

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Pathways to Food Production in The Sahel

Peter Breunig.

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; African Archaeology. 5984 words.

Considered globally, food production is one of the most important turning points in human history. Based on archaeological data, this article argues that the origin of food production in...

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The Archaeology of Clan- and Lineage-Based Societies in Africa

Matthew Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; African Archaeology. 5717 words.

This article explores some examples of the archaeology of broadly ‘kin-based’ societies and the potential that such archaeology holds for understanding human action through time. It...

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Archaeology and Native Northerners

Natasha Lyons.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 9922 words.

Archaeology is undergoing a sustained shift in the North American Arctic, as factors both internal and external to the discipline work to expand and transform the structure, demographics,...

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The Northern Levant During the Neolithic Period

Peter Akkermans.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant

November 2013; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 6084 words.

This articlefocuses on the situation and major developments in northern Levant during the Neolithic Period. It examines the nature and scale of settlement in Syria and Lebanon during the...

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The Neolithic in Southeastern Anatolia

Michael Rosenberg and Aslı Erim-Özdoğan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East. 11870 words.

This article presents data on Neolithic sites in southeastern Anatolia, where, as elsewhere in southwestern Asia, the changes attendant on the Neolithic, while revolutionary in their...

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Villagers and Farmers of the Middle and Upper Ohio River Valley, 11th to 17th Centuries AD: The Fort Ancient and Monongahela Traditions

Bernard K. Means.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4150 words.

Fort Ancient and Monongahela Tradition villagers often placed their dwellings in circles around plazas. However, relatively few village sites from either tradition have seen broad exposure...

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The Origins and Development of Farming Villages in the Northern Great Plains

Mark D. Mitchell.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4691 words.

The emergence of villages—aggregated communities housing at least 100 people—marks a decisive transformation of the social landscape. People living in nucleated settlements structure their...

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Clay Ideas

Ian Kuijt.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Prehistoric Archaeology. 8799 words.

Beginning around 11,500 years ago, the Neolithic of the Near East encompassed some of the most profound and fundamental innovations in our species’ history. This included the establishment...

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Mesoamerica—Olmec Figurines

Christopher A. Pool.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Prehistoric Archaeology. 9255 words.

The study of Olmec figurines has proven contentious with respect to defining Olmec style, the relation of Olmec style to the Olmec archaeological culture of Mexico’s southern Gulf lowlands,...

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Archaeology of the Métis

Kisha Supernant.

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Race and Ethnicity. 9435 words.

This article reviews the history of Métis archaeological research in Canada. The Métis of Canada arose as a distinct Indigenous identity in the postcontact period and provide an interesting...

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Southern African Hunter-Gatherers of the Last 25,000 Years

Peter Mitchell.

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; African Archaeology. 7010 words.

Southern African hunter-gatherers have long served as archetypes of ‘foragers’. Today, southern African hunter-gatherers are central to discussions of the biological origins of Homo sapiensnull...

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A History of the Preclassical Archaeology of Anatolia

Roger Matthews.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; History and Theory of Archaeology. 9281 words.

This article traces the development of Anatolia's preclassical archaeology through several of its major threads, each following a chronological sequence. As with the archaeology of other...

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The Rehabilitation of Pre-Hispanic Agricultural Infrastructure to Support Rural Development in the Peruvian Andes

Ann Kendall and David Drew.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

January 2019; p ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Archaeology; Archaeology by Region. 8202 words.

For the last 35 years an approach to rural development based on archaeological and environmental data and the accumulation of practical experience has underlain the Cusichaca Trust’s...

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Making Mississippian at Cahokia

Susan M. Alt.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3919 words.

Understanding the Mississippian phenomenon is intimately tied to understanding Cahokia, the largest settlement at the heart of the most complex polity in ancient Native North America....

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