Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 41-60 of 61 items for:

community x Medicine and Health x Allied Health Professions x clear all

Construct Validity of the Societal Outreach Scale (SOS)

David S Fike, Jason Denton, Matt Walk, Jennifer Kish and Ira Gorman.

in Physical Therapy

April 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Allied Health Professions; Physiotherapy; Occupational Medicine. 5262 words.

Abstract

Background

The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has been working toward a vision of increasing...

Premenstrual Syndrome

Daphne Miller.

in Integrative Women's Health

February 2010; p ublished online November 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Allied Health Professions; Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 7580 words.

Almost every woman of reproductive age experiences some amount of physical or psychological discomfort in the week preceding her menstrual period (Freeman 2003; Halbreich et al. 2007;...

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Ethics in occupational health

Paul Litchfield.

in Fitness for Work

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Occupational Medicine; Public Health and Epidemiology; Occupational Therapy. 7717 words.

Ethics, or moral philosophy, is an attempt to define principles that govern how people should behave in society. Healthcare is practised within communities and must reflect the cultural and...

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The premature newborn

John Puntis.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 1628 words.

Infants born at 24 weeks’ gestation now have a 40% chance of survival, rising to 80% at 26 weeks. Many have difficulty tolerating enteral feeds because of gastrointestinal immaturity;...

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Autism spectrum disorder and food neophobia: clinical and subclinical links

Gregory L Wallace, Clare Llewellyn, Alison Fildes and Angelica Ronald.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5485 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been linked with eating- and feeding-related atypicalities,...

Large-Scale Social and Behavior Change Communication Interventions Have Sustained Impacts on Infant and Young Child Feeding Knowledge and Practices: Results of a 2-Year Follow-Up Study in Bangladesh

Sunny S Kim, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Lan Mai Tran, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Mohammad Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel and Purnima Menon.

in The Journal of Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6861 words.

Abstract

Background

Sustained improvements in infant and young child feeding (IYCF) require continued...

Effectiveness of behavioral interventions to reduce the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abir Abdel Rahman, Lamis Jomaa, Lara A Kahale, Pauline Adair and Cynthia Pine.

in Nutrition Reviews

February 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Dietetics and Nutrition; Popular Health; Public Health and Epidemiology; Economics of Health. 10427 words.

Abstract

Context

Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among children has been associated with adverse...

Scientific rigor and credibility in the nutrition research landscape

Cynthia M Kroeger, Cutberto Garza, Christopher J Lynch, Esther Myers, Sylvia Rowe, Barbara O Schneeman, Arya M Sharma and David B Allison.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 10767 words.

ABSTRACT

Scientific progress depends on the quality and credibility of research methods. As discourse on rigor, transparency, and reproducibility joins the...

Snacking Recommendations Worldwide: A Scoping Review

Monika Potter, Antonis Vlassopoulos and Undine Lehmann.

in Advances in Nutrition

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 8925 words.

Abstract

Across the globe, dietary habits include the consumption of foods and drinks between main meals. Although often described as “snacks” or “snacking,”...

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Backpack Programs and the Crisis Narrative of Child Hunger—A Critical Review of the Rationale, Targeting, and Potential Benefits and Harms of an Expanding but Untested Model of Practice

Maryah S Fram and Edward A Frongillo.

in Advances in Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6762 words.

Abstract

In recent years, school-based food backpack programs (BPPs) have come into national prominence as a response to a perceived crisis of child hunger in...

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Vitamin D Status and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Yadollah Khoshbakht, Reza Bidaki and Amin Salehi-Abargouei.

in Advances in Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6874 words.

Abstract

An association between vitamin D and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been proposed by several researchers in recent years;...

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Delivering Vitamin A Supplements to Children Aged 6–59 Months: Comparing Delivery through Campaigns and through Routine Health Services in Senegal

Susan Horton, Lauren S Blum, Mamadou Diouf, Banda Ndiaye, Fatou Ndoye, Khadim Niang and Alison Greig.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

April 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 7662 words.

Abstract

Background

Using twice-yearly campaigns such as Child Health Days to deliver vitamin A supplements has...

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Narrative Review of Culinary Interventions with Children in Schools to Promote Healthy Eating: Directions for Future Research and Practice

Henna Muzaffar, Jessica J Metcalfe and Barbara Fiese.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6774 words.

Abstract

Policymakers, scientists, and food and nutrition practitioners suggest that there is a societal decline in culinary skills, which is predictive of...

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Dietary fiber intervention on gut microbiota composition in healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Daniel So, Kevin Whelan, Megan Rossi, Mark Morrison, Gerald Holtmann, Jaimon T Kelly, Erin R Shanahan, Heidi M Staudacher and Katrina L Campbell.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 12158 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Dysfunction of the gut microbiota is frequently reported as a manifestation of chronic...

Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices Improved in 2 Districts in Nepal during the Scale-Up of an Integrated IYCF and Micronutrient Powder Program

Lindsey M Locks, Pradiumna Dahal, Rajkumar Pokharel, Nira Joshi, Naveen Paudyal, Ralph D Whitehead, Stanley Chitekwe, Zuguo Mei, Bikash Lamichhane, Aashima Garg and Maria Elena Jefferds.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 11851 words.

Abstract

Background

Three-quarters of the ≥50 programs that use micronutrient powders (MNPs) integrate MNPs into...

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The PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)

Hui Zuo, Grethe S Tell, Per M Ueland, Ottar Nygård, Stein E Vollset, Øivind Midttun, Klaus Meyer and Arve Ulvik.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5352 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is altered during inflammation and immune activation. It is unknown...

An 18-mo randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of DHA-rich fish oil to prevent age-related cognitive decline in cognitively normal older adults

Vanessa Danthiir, Diane E Hosking, Ted Nettelbeck, Andrew D Vincent, Carlene Wilson, Nathan O'Callaghan, Eva Calvaresi, Peter Clifton and Gary A Wittert.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

May 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6520 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Fish oil trials in cognitively healthy older adults have yielded inconsistent results....

Higher spermidine intake is linked to lower mortality: a prospective population-based study

Stefan Kiechl, Raimund Pechlaner, Peter Willeit, Marlene Notdurfter, Bernhard Paulweber, Karin Willeit, Philipp Werner, Christoph Ruckenstuhl, Bernhard Iglseder, Siegfried Weger, Barbara Mairhofer, Markus Gartner, Ludmilla Kedenko, Monika Chmelikova, Slaven Stekovic, Hermann Stuppner, Friedrich Oberhollenzer, Guido Kroemer, Manuel Mayr, Tobias Eisenberg, Herbert Tilg, Frank Madeo and Johann Willeit.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6315 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Spermidine administration is linked to increased survival in several animal models.

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Cholecalciferol or 25-Hydroxycholecalciferol Supplementation Does Not Affect Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Prefrail and Frail Older Adults

Anouk M M Vaes, Michael Tieland, Nicole Toussaint, Rachel Nilwik, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon and Lisette C P G M de Groot.

in The Journal of Nutrition

May 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6577 words.

Abstract

Background

Vitamin D supplementation is proposed as a potential treatment strategy to counteract...

Short-Term Overfeeding with Dairy Cream Does Not Modify Gut Permeability, the Fecal Microbiota, or Glucose Metabolism in Young Healthy Men

Beate Ott, Thomas Skurk, llias Lagkouvardos, Sandra Fischer, Janine Büttner, Martina Lichtenegger, Thomas Clavel, Andreas Lechner, Michael Rychlik, Dirk Haller and Hans Hauner.

in The Journal of Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6893 words.

Abstract

Background

High-fat diets (HFDs) have been linked to low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance.

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