Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 41-56 of 56 items for:

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Hydraulic Fracturing

George M. Hornberger, John C. Ayers and Moyosore Ajayi.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 6318 words.

The first modern oil wells were constructed in the middle of the 19th century. Over geological time oil and gas in conventional reservoirs, mainly permeable sandstones and limestones, have...

Natural Fluvial Ecohydraulics

Gregory B. Pasternak.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 21236 words.

Ecohydraulics is the study of the mechanisms that explain hierarchically nested aquatic and riparian biotic phenomena. Mechanisms are sequential actions that can be physical, biological, or...

Socioeconomic Impacts of Infrastructure Disruptions

Stephanie E. Chang.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Agricultural, Environmental, and Natural Resource Economics; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 11408 words.

Infrastructure systems—sometimes referred to as critical infrastructure or lifelines—provide services such as energy, water, sanitation, transportation, and communications that are...

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Soils as an Environmental System

Eldor Paul and Sherri Morris.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 20026 words.

Soil, the living surface of planet Earth, sustains nearly all life on the terrestrial surface. It is a complex media resulting from parent material, climate, topography, and biota,...

Groundwater

David Stonestrom.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 12521 words.

Groundwater represents the terrestrial subsurface component of the hydrologic cycle. As such, groundwater is generally in motion, moving from elevated areas of recharge to lower areas of...

Rachel Carson

Lisa Sideris and Amy M. Hay.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 10039 words.

Nature writer and marine biologist Rachel Carson (b. 1907–d. 1964) shared her passion for the natural world through her written works. She always knew she would be a writer and her...

March, William

Roy S. Simmonds.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 931 words.

March, William (18 September 1893–15 May 1954), writer and business executive, was born William Edward Campbell in Mobile, Alabama, the son of John Leonard Campbell, a timber cruiser, and...

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Laura Pereira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 12222 words.

Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. In...

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Nutrient Pollution and Wastewater Treatment Systems

Archis R. Ambulkar.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology. 11796 words.

Since the industrial revolution, societies across the globe have observed significant urbanization and population growth. Newer technologies, industries, and manufacturing plants have...

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Early History of Animal Domestication in Southwest Asia

Benjamin S. Arbuckle.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 16195 words.

The domestication of livestock animals has long been recognized as one of the most important and influential events in human prehistory and has been the subject of scholarly inquiry for...

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Baker, Robert (fl. c. 1563), mariner and poet

P. E. H. Hair.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets); World History; Travel and Holiday. 607 words.

Baker, Robert (fl. c. 1563), mariner and poet, is known only through his one published writing. Possibly a relative of the Bakers of Sissinghurst who had connections with the...

Preston, Joseph Henry [Harry] (1911–1985), aeronautical engineer and university teacher

John K. Harvey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Mechanical Engineering and Materials; Education. 659 words.

Preston, Joseph Henry [Harry] (1911–1985), aeronautical engineer and university teacher, was born on 1 March 1911 at Swinescales, Hutton Soil, Greystoke, near Penrith, Cumberland, the son...

Ride, Sally K.

Margaret A. Weitekamp.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online February 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; Science and Mathematics; Education; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport. 1415 words.

Ride, Sally K. (26 May 1951–23 July 2012), astronaut, physicist, and science educator, was born Sally Kristen Ride in Los Angeles, California, the elder child of Joyce and Dale B. Ride....

Livingston, Robert

Ned Landsman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; Agriculture and Farming. 1531 words.

Livingston, Robert (13 December 1654–01 October 1728), colonial merchant, landowner, and politician, was born in Ancrum, Scotland, the son of the Reverend John Livingstone, a minister of...

Drake, Francis Marion

H. Roger Grant.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 874 words.

Drake, Francis Marion (30 December 1830–20 November 1903), army officer, railroad promoter and executive, and governor of Iowa, was born in the western Illinois hamlet of Rushville, the son...

Laurens, Henry

C. James Taylor.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2209 words.

Laurens, Henry (24 February 1724–08 December 1792), planter-merchant and revolutionary war statesman, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of John Laurens, a saddler, and Esther...