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decision-making

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 235 words.

The process of changing from one activity to another, where there is incompatibility between the two activities. The term ‘decision-making’,

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decision-making models

Olivier Rubin and Rasmus Dahlberg.

in A Dictionary of Disaster Management

P ublished online April 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environment). 188 words.

A broad concept covering a variety of models and approaches to the process of problem-solving and decision-making within disaster and

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household decision-making

John Black, Nigar Hashimzade and Gareth Myles.

in A Dictionary of Economics

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economics. 31 words.

A model of collective decision-making on consumption and labour supply inside a household in which a sharing rule specifies how

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household decision-making

John Black, Nigar Hashimzade and Gareth Myles.

in A Dictionary of Economics

January 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economics. 64 words.

A model of collective decision-making on consumption and labour supply inside a household in which a sharing rule specifies how

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Ethical Decision-Making

Emily Chai, Diane Meier, Jane Morris and Suzanne Goldhirsch.

in Geriatric Palliative Care

April 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Palliative Medicine; Geriatric Medicine. 2405 words.

Chapter 6 discusses ethical decision making, including principles, modern medical ethics, clinical ethics, ethical dilemmas, the ‘Four Topics’ approach, managing unresolved ethical...

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Comparative Decision Making

Edited by Thomas R. Zentall and Philip H. Crowley.

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Neuropsychology. 496 pages.

Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and...

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Probabilistic decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco.

in The Noisy Brain

January 2010; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 14899 words.

This chapter shows how an attractor network can model probabilistic decision making. For decision making, the attractor network is trained to have two or more attractor states, each of...

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Judgment and Decision Making

Leaf Van Boven, Mark Travers, Jacob Westfall and Gary McClelland.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Cognition

August 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Social Psychology; Cognitive Psychology. 21351 words.

This chapter reviews classic and contemporary phenomena in the field of judgment and decision making, particularly as they relate to social psychology and social cognition. The review...

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Online Decision-Making

Kevin Askew and Michael D. Coovert.

in The Social Net

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 12177 words.

This chapter explores online decision-making, suggesting that as the Internet continues to enlarge its influence in people’s lives, an increasing number of decisions will be taken online....

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Decision-Making without Planning

Amy Ziettlow and Naomi Cahn.

in Homeward Bound

May 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Gerontology and Ageing; Marriage and the Family. 6466 words.

Chapter 5 explores the surrogate decision-making experience in the absence of advance directives. It explains the legal and pragmatic default rules for appointing a decision-maker and the...

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Foreign Policy Decision Making

James M. Goldgeier.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Foreign Policy. 8801 words.

Decision makers, acting singly or in groups, influence the field of international relations by shaping the interactions among nations. It is therefore important to understand how those...

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household decision-making

Edited by John Black, Nigar Hashimzade and Gareth Myles.

in A Dictionary of Economics

January 2012; p ublished online May 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economics. 65 words.

A model of collective decision-making on consumption and labour supply inside a household in which a sharing rule specifies how the collective budget is distributed among the household...

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Culture and Decision Making

Jacques Rojot.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Decision Making

March 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Human Resource Management. 7751 words.

This article argues that the primary effects of cultures in decision making take the form of limitations on decision makers' rationality. Simon pointed out that decision making reflects the...

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Interoception and decision making

Martin P. Paulus.

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 7012 words.

This chapter reviews three constructs that have important contributions to risky decision making. First, it considers interoception and its neural substrates, discusses the characteristics...

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Military Decision-Making

Neil D. Shortland, Laurence J. Alison and Joseph M. Moran.

in Conflict

March 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Social Psychology. 7853 words.

This chapter discusses three broad approaches to understanding how military decisions are made: (1) the military decision-making process (MDMP), based largely on historical experience and,...

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Foreign policy decision making

Janice Gross Stein.

in Foreign Policy

August 2016; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 8578 words.

This chapter examines the use of rational, psychological, and neurological models in foreign policy decision making. It begins with a discussion of two commonsensical models of rationality...

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Retirement Decision Making

Steve M. Jex and James Grosch.

in The Oxford Handbook of Retirement

October 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Organizational Psychology; Social Psychology. 10225 words.

Due to the aging of the workforce, combined with increased life expectancy, interest in retirement among researchers has increased dramatically. One area in particular that has attracted a...

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garbage can decision-making

Emma Jeanes.

in A Dictionary of Organizational Behaviour

P ublished online January 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organizational Theory and Behaviour. 143 words.

A model of decision-making that describes the reality of decision-making that is often haphazard and serendipitous. Developed by Michael Cohen, James March, and Johan Olsen, it argues there...

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Saccadic decision-making

Casimir J.H. Ludwig.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

August 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 7897 words.

The generation of a saccade may be considered the outcome of some decision-making process. Functional models of saccadic decision-making are based on the accumulation of sensory evidence in...

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Decision-making mechanisms

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 48038 words.

The brain mechanisms involved in reward-related and other decision–making in the brain are described. The attractor network mechanism described has randomness or noise that makes the...

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